Several retrospective studies have suggested p53 gene mutation as an adverse prognostic indicator in breast cancer patients, based on a selective growth advantage of p53 mutant cancer cells and their presumed resistance to current adjuvant therapy regimens. A cohort of 90 Caucasian midwestern breast cancer patients was analyzed prospectively (60 months of follow-up) with a rigorous mutation detection methodology. The presence of a p53 gene mutation was the single most adverse prognostic indicator for recurrence (p = 0.0032) and death (p = 0.0001), and was associated with poor response to both adjuvant (p = 0.0001) and palliative (p = 0.006) therapy. Analysis of the p53 gene with appropriate mutation detection methodology markedly improves the prediction of early recurrence, treatment failure, and death in breast cancer patients. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||International Journal of Cancer|
|State||Published - Jan 20 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research