Objective: We tested the hypothesis that the combination of trimetrexate (TMTX) and capecitabine (CAP) would be active in patients with previously treated metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). Because the optimum dose of this combination was unknown, we used a phase I/II design. Methods: In the phase I cohort, patients received 110 mg/m2 TMTX intravenously weekly ×6 and CAP starting at 750 mg/m2 orally twice daily from days 2 to 15 and 23 to 36 (one cycle). Cycles were repeated every 8 weeks. The phase II doses were 110 mg/m2 TMTX and 1000 mg/m2 CAP orally twice daily. Results: Thirty-two patients were entered. All patients had prior 5-fluorouracil therapy and 94% had prior exposure to irinotecan. Grade 3/4 toxicities included abdominal pain in 4 patients (12.5%) and vomiting in 3 patients (9.4%). Twenty-seven patients were evaluable for response: one patient each had a complete response and a partial response for an overall response rate of 7.4%. The median time to progression was 3.3 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.6-3.7 months) and the median overall survival was 5.9 months (95% CI, 5.2-10.2 months). Conclusions: The combination of TMTX and CAP is well tolerated. However, recent studies have shown more active regimens in the second- and third-line metastatic setting.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials|
|State||Published - Oct 2005|
- Colorectal cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research