Capecitabine produces an objective response rate of up to 25 % in anthracycline-treated, taxane-resistant metastatic breast cancer (MBC). The farnesyltransferase inhibitor tipifarnib inhibits Ras signaling and has clinical activity when used alone in MBC. The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of tipifarnib-capecitabine combination in MBC patients who were previously treated with an anthracycline and progressed on taxane therapy. Eligible patients received oral capecitabine 1,000 mg/m2 twice daily plus oral tipifarnib 300 mg twice daily on days 1-14 every 21 days. The primary endpoint was ORR. The trial was powered to detect an improvement in response rate from 25 to 40 %. Among 63 eligible, partial response occurred in six patients (9.5 %; 90 % CI 4.2-17.9 %), median progression-free survival was 2.6 months (95 % CI 2.1-4.4), and median overall survival was 11.4 months (95 % CI 7.7-14.0). Dose modifications were required for 43 patients (68 %) for either tipifarnib and/or capecitabine. Grades 3 and 4 toxicities were seen in 30 patients (44 %; 90 % CI 44.4-67.0 %) and 11 patients (16 %; 90 % CI 10.8-29.0 %), respectively. The most common grade 3 toxicities included neutropenia, nausea, and vomiting; and the most common grade 4 toxicity was neutropenia (8 out of 11 cases). The tipifarnib-capecitabine combination is not more effective than capecitabine alone in MBC patients who were previously treated with an anthracycline and taxane therapy.
- Farnesyltransferase inhibitor
- Metastatic breast cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research