Context: Patients with classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) often require supraphysiologic glucocorticoid doses to suppress adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and control androgen excess. Nevanimibe hydrochloride (ATR-101), which selectively inhibits adrenal cortex function, might reduce androgen excess independent of ACTH and thus allow for lower glucocorticoid dosing in CAH. 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) and androstenedione are CAH biomarkers used to monitor androgen excess. Objective: Evaluate the efficacy and safety of nevanimibe in subjects with uncontrolled classic CAH. Design: This was a multicenter, single-blind, dose-titration study. CAH subjects with baseline 17-OHP ≥4× the upper limit of normal (ULN) received the lowest dose of nevanimibe for 2 weeks followed by a single-blind 2-week placebo washout. Nevanimibe was gradually titrated up if the primary outcome measure (17-OHP ≤2× ULN) was not met. A total of 5 nevanimibe dose levels were possible (125, 250, 500, 750, 1000 mg twice daily). Results: The study enrolled 10 adults: 9 completed the study, and 1 discontinued early due to a related serious adverse event. At baseline, the mean age was 30.3 ± 13.8 years, and the maintenance glucocorticoid dose, expressed as hydrocortisone equivalents, was 24.7 ± 10.4 mg/day. Two subjects met the primary endpoint, and 5 others experienced 17-OHP decreases ranging from 27% to 72% during nevanimibe treatment. The most common side effects were gastrointestinal (30%). There were no dose-related trends in adverse events. Conclusions: Nevanimibe decreased 17-OHP levels within 2 weeks of treatment. Larger studies of longer duration are needed to further evaluate its efficacy as add-on therapy for CAH.
- adrenal hypertrophy
- clinical trial
- congenital adrenal hyperplasia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical