A Learning Health System Approach to Hospital Quality Performance Benchmarking: The Composite Hospital Quality Index

Benjamin D. Pollock, Pablo Moreno Franco, Katherine H. Noe, John D. Poe, Andrew H. Limper, Gianrico Farrugia, Henry H. Ting, Sean C. Dowdy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

US hospital quality rankings and ratings use disparate methodologies and are weakly correlated. This causes confusion for patients and hospital quality staff. At the authors' institution, a Composite Hospital Quality Index (CHQI) was developed to combine hospital quality ratings. This approach is described and a calculator is shared here for other health systems to explore their performance. Among the US News and World Report Top 50 Hospitals, hospital-specific numeric summary scores were aggregated from the 2021 Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Hospital Overall Star Rating, the Spring 2021 Leapfrog Safety Grade, and the April 2021 Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems Star Rating. The CHQI is the hospital-specific sum of the national percentile-rankings across these 3 ratings. In this example, mean (SD) percentiles were as follows: CMS Stars 74 (19), Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems 63 (19), Leapfrog 65 (24), with mean (SD) CHQI of 202 (49). The CHQI is used at the authors' institution to identify improvement opportunities and ensure that high-quality care is delivered across the health system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)444-448
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Quality
Volume37
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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