Lessons Learned: OPB-111077 is a novel inhibitor of STAT3 and mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation that exhibited promising anticancer activity in preclinical models. In this first-in-human phase I study of OPB-111077 in unselected advanced cancers, treatment-emergent adverse events, most frequently nausea, fatigue, and vomiting, were generally mild to moderate in intensity and could be medically managed. Overall, only modest clinical activity was observed after OPB-111077 given as monotherapy. Notable antitumor activity was seen in a subject with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Background: OPB-111077 is a novel inhibitor of STAT3 and mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation with promising anticancer activity in preclinical models. Methods: Open-label, phase I trial of OPB-111077 in advanced cancers with no available therapy of documented benefit. Initial dose escalation in unselected subjects was followed by dose expansion. Patients received oral OPB-111077 daily in 28-day cycles until loss of clinical benefit. Results: Eighteen subjects enrolled in dose escalation, and 127 in dose expansion. Dose-limiting toxicities were observed at 300 mg and 400 mg QD; maximum tolerated dose was defined as 250 mg QD. Frequently reported treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) included nausea, fatigue, and vomiting. TEAEs were generally mild to moderate and could be medically managed. OPB-111077 reached micromolar drug concentrations, had an elimination half-life of approximately 1 day, and reached steady-state by day 8. A durable partial response was observed in one subject with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Seven subjects with diverse tumor types had stable disease or minor responses for at least eight treatment cycles (224 days). Conclusion: OPB-111077 is generally well tolerated, and its pharmacokinetic profile is sufficient for further clinical development. Notable clinical activity was observed in a subject with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Overall, modest efficacy was observed against unselected tumors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research