Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Esophagus (FACT-E) questionnaire changes during proton (PRT) or photon (XRT) chemoradiation therapy (CRT) for esophageal cancer (EC). Methods and Materials: We reviewed patients enrolled in a prospective registry who received preoperative or definitive CRT for EC. Patients completed the FACT-E before CRT and during the last week of CRT. Analysis of variance testing was used to assess associations between patient and treatment characteristics and FACT-E score changes. Results: One hundred twenty-five patients completed a baseline and posttreatment FACT-E; 63 received XRT and 62 received PRT. The mean age was 65 years; the PRT group was older (68 vs 64 years, P = .0063). The following characteristics were similar between cohorts: 83% male, 78% adenocarcinoma, and 89% stage II-III. The radiation therapy prescription dose was higher in the PRT group (≥50 Gy in 94% vs 67%, P < .0001), whereas the median clinical target volume was smaller in the PRT group (553 vs 668 cm3, P = .013). Most (96%) received concurrent weekly carboplatin-paclitaxel. The mean FACT-E score was 136.3 (standard deviation [SD] 21.0) at baseline and 119.6 (SD 24.8) post-CRT, with mean change of –16.7 (SD 19.8). Baseline scores were comparable between XRT and PRT groups (135.9 vs 136.7, P = .82). On univariate and multivariate analyses, less mean decline in FACT-E score was observed for PRT versus XRT (–12.7 vs –20.6, P = .026) and for trimodality versus definitive therapy (–13.0 vs –22.5, P = .008). Conclusions: For patients receiving CRT for EC, PRT was associated with less decline in FACT-E scores compared with XRT.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging