A Comparison of Childbirth Expectations in High-Risk and Low-Risk Pregnant Women

Maureen Heaman, Janet Beaton, Annette Gupton, Jeff Sloan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


This study described and compared the childbirth expectations of high-risk and low-risk pregnant women and then examined the influence of anxiety, risk status, and childbirth preparation on these expectations. This descriptive correlational study employed a convenience sample of 75 high-risk nulliparas and 77 low-risk nulliparas. Results indicated that high-risk pregnant women had significantly less positive expectations for their childbirth experience than did low-risk pregnant women. In particular, high-risk pregnant women expected more medical intervention and more difficulty coping with pain during their labor and birth. For both groups of women, anxiety was negatively correlated with childbirth expectations, whereas childbirth preparation waspositively correlated with childbirth expectations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)252-265
Number of pages14
JournalClinical nursing research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'A Comparison of Childbirth Expectations in High-Risk and Low-Risk Pregnant Women'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this