A brief self-affirmation study to improve the experience of minority patients

Diana J. Burgess, Brent C. Taylor, Sean M Phelan, Michele Spoont, Michelle van Ryn, Leslie R M Hausmann, Tam Do, Howard S. Gordon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: There is evidence that Black patients may experience stereotype threat-apprehension about being negatively stereotyped-in healthcare settings, which might adversely affect their behavior in clinical encounters. Recent studies conducted outside of healthcare have shown that a brief self-affirmation intervention, in which individuals are asked to focus on and affirm their valued characteristics and sources of personal pride, can reduce the negative effects of stereotype threat on academic performance and on interpersonal communication. Methods: This randomised controlled trial examined whether a self-affirmation (SA) intervention would decrease the negative effects of stereotype threat (negative mood, lower state self-esteem, greater perceptions of racial discrimination) and increase communication self-efficacy among Black primary care patients. Self-affirmation was induced by having patients complete a 32-item values affirmation questionnaire. Results: Patients in the SA condition had lower levels of performance self-esteem and social self-esteem than patients in the control. There were no differences between the SA and the control groups on negative mood, communication self-efficacy, and perceptions of discrimination. Conclusions: Our SA intervention lowered state self-esteem among Black patients. Future research is needed to determine the type of SA task that is most effective for this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-150
Number of pages16
JournalApplied Psychology: Health and Well-Being
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Self Concept
Communication
Self Efficacy
Delivery of Health Care
Racism
Primary Health Care
Randomized Controlled Trials
Control Groups
Population

Keywords

  • Communication
  • Minority
  • Racial disparities
  • Self-affirmation
  • Stereotype threat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Burgess, D. J., Taylor, B. C., Phelan, S. M., Spoont, M., van Ryn, M., Hausmann, L. R. M., ... Gordon, H. S. (2014). A brief self-affirmation study to improve the experience of minority patients. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 6(2), 135-150. https://doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12015

A brief self-affirmation study to improve the experience of minority patients. / Burgess, Diana J.; Taylor, Brent C.; Phelan, Sean M; Spoont, Michele; van Ryn, Michelle; Hausmann, Leslie R M; Do, Tam; Gordon, Howard S.

In: Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2014, p. 135-150.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Burgess, DJ, Taylor, BC, Phelan, SM, Spoont, M, van Ryn, M, Hausmann, LRM, Do, T & Gordon, HS 2014, 'A brief self-affirmation study to improve the experience of minority patients', Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 135-150. https://doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12015
Burgess, Diana J. ; Taylor, Brent C. ; Phelan, Sean M ; Spoont, Michele ; van Ryn, Michelle ; Hausmann, Leslie R M ; Do, Tam ; Gordon, Howard S. / A brief self-affirmation study to improve the experience of minority patients. In: Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being. 2014 ; Vol. 6, No. 2. pp. 135-150.
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