β-Catenin is essential for ethanol metabolism and protection against alcohol-mediated liver steatosis in mice

Shiguang Liu, Tzu Hsuan Yeh, Vijay Prem Singh, Sruti Shiva, Lindsay Krauland, Huanan Li, Pili Zhang, Kusum Kharbanda, Vladimir Ritov, Satdarshan P S Monga, Donald K. Scott, Patricia K. Eagon, Jaideep Behari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The liver plays a central role in ethanol metabolism, and oxidative stress is implicated in alcohol-mediated liver injury. β-Catenin regulates hepatic metabolic zonation and adaptive response to oxidative stress. We hypothesized that β-catenin regulates the hepatic response to ethanol ingestion. Female liver-specific β-catenin knockout (KO) mice and wild-type (WT) littermates were fed the Lieber-Decarli liquid diet (5% ethanol) in a pairwise fashion. Liver histology, biochemistry, and gene-expression studies were performed. Plasma alcohol and ammonia levels were measured using standard assays. Ethanol-fed (EtOH) KO mice exhibited systemic toxicity and early mortality. KO mice exhibited severe macrovesicular steatosis and 5 to 6-fold higher serum alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels. KO mice had a modest increase in hepatic oxidative stress, lower expression of mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (SOD2), and lower citrate synthase activity, the first step in the tricarboxylic acid cycle. N-Acetylcysteine did not prevent ethanol-induced mortality in KO mice. In WT livers, β-catenin was found to coprecipitate with forkhead box O3, the upstream regulator of SOD2. Hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase and aldehyde dehydrogenase activities and expression were lower in KO mice. Hepatic cytochrome P450 2E1 protein levels were up-regulated in EtOH WT mice, but were nearly undetectable in KO mice. These changes in ethanol-metabolizing enzymes were associated with 30-fold higher blood alcohol levels in KO mice. Conclusion: β-Catenin is essential for hepatic ethanol metabolism and plays a protective role in alcohol-mediated liver steatosis. Our results strongly suggest that integration of these functions by β-catenin is critical for adaptation to ethanol ingestion in vivo. (HEPATOLOGY 2012;)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)931-940
Number of pages10
JournalHepatology
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012

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Catenins
Fatty Liver
Ethanol
Alcohols
Knockout Mice
Liver
Oxidative Stress
Eating
Citrate (si)-Synthase
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1
Aldehyde Dehydrogenase
Citric Acid Cycle
Mortality
Alcohol Dehydrogenase
Acetylcysteine
Aspartate Aminotransferases
Alanine Transaminase
Ammonia
Biochemistry
Superoxide Dismutase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

Cite this

β-Catenin is essential for ethanol metabolism and protection against alcohol-mediated liver steatosis in mice. / Liu, Shiguang; Yeh, Tzu Hsuan; Singh, Vijay Prem; Shiva, Sruti; Krauland, Lindsay; Li, Huanan; Zhang, Pili; Kharbanda, Kusum; Ritov, Vladimir; Monga, Satdarshan P S; Scott, Donald K.; Eagon, Patricia K.; Behari, Jaideep.

In: Hepatology, Vol. 55, No. 3, 03.2012, p. 931-940.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liu, S, Yeh, TH, Singh, VP, Shiva, S, Krauland, L, Li, H, Zhang, P, Kharbanda, K, Ritov, V, Monga, SPS, Scott, DK, Eagon, PK & Behari, J 2012, 'β-Catenin is essential for ethanol metabolism and protection against alcohol-mediated liver steatosis in mice', Hepatology, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 931-940. https://doi.org/10.1002/hep.24766
Liu, Shiguang ; Yeh, Tzu Hsuan ; Singh, Vijay Prem ; Shiva, Sruti ; Krauland, Lindsay ; Li, Huanan ; Zhang, Pili ; Kharbanda, Kusum ; Ritov, Vladimir ; Monga, Satdarshan P S ; Scott, Donald K. ; Eagon, Patricia K. ; Behari, Jaideep. / β-Catenin is essential for ethanol metabolism and protection against alcohol-mediated liver steatosis in mice. In: Hepatology. 2012 ; Vol. 55, No. 3. pp. 931-940.
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AU - Krauland, Lindsay

AU - Li, Huanan

AU - Zhang, Pili

AU - Kharbanda, Kusum

AU - Ritov, Vladimir

AU - Monga, Satdarshan P S

AU - Scott, Donald K.

AU - Eagon, Patricia K.

AU - Behari, Jaideep

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AB - The liver plays a central role in ethanol metabolism, and oxidative stress is implicated in alcohol-mediated liver injury. β-Catenin regulates hepatic metabolic zonation and adaptive response to oxidative stress. We hypothesized that β-catenin regulates the hepatic response to ethanol ingestion. Female liver-specific β-catenin knockout (KO) mice and wild-type (WT) littermates were fed the Lieber-Decarli liquid diet (5% ethanol) in a pairwise fashion. Liver histology, biochemistry, and gene-expression studies were performed. Plasma alcohol and ammonia levels were measured using standard assays. Ethanol-fed (EtOH) KO mice exhibited systemic toxicity and early mortality. KO mice exhibited severe macrovesicular steatosis and 5 to 6-fold higher serum alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels. KO mice had a modest increase in hepatic oxidative stress, lower expression of mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (SOD2), and lower citrate synthase activity, the first step in the tricarboxylic acid cycle. N-Acetylcysteine did not prevent ethanol-induced mortality in KO mice. In WT livers, β-catenin was found to coprecipitate with forkhead box O3, the upstream regulator of SOD2. Hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase and aldehyde dehydrogenase activities and expression were lower in KO mice. Hepatic cytochrome P450 2E1 protein levels were up-regulated in EtOH WT mice, but were nearly undetectable in KO mice. These changes in ethanol-metabolizing enzymes were associated with 30-fold higher blood alcohol levels in KO mice. Conclusion: β-Catenin is essential for hepatic ethanol metabolism and plays a protective role in alcohol-mediated liver steatosis. Our results strongly suggest that integration of these functions by β-catenin is critical for adaptation to ethanol ingestion in vivo. (HEPATOLOGY 2012;)

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