Frequent clonal abnormalities of chromosome band 13q14 in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia: Multiple clones, subclones, and nonclonal alterations in 82 midwestern patients

L. C. Peterson, L. L. Lindquist, S. Church, Neil Elliot Kay

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Abstract

We performed cytogenetic analyses of peripheral blood lymphocytes from 82 Midwestern B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) patients. The cells were cultured with mitogens for 3-4 days. At least 15 metaphase cells were analyzed in 79 (96%) cases. Fifty (63%) of the 79 patients had clonal chromosomal alterations. Structural modifications of the long arm of chromosome 13 at or near band 13q14 were the most frequent abnormalities, identified in 23 (46%) of the patients with clonal abnormalities. In several patients, the abnormality involving band 13q14 was the sole chromosomal alteration. There was a high incidence of complex karyotypes. Nine patients had multiple subclones that appeared to result from clonal evolution; seven patients had cytogenetically unrelated clones; three patients had both subclones and cytogenetically unrelated clones. Nonclonal abnormalities were also prominent. Our study confirms the high incidence of clonal abnormalities involving chromosome arm 13q and documents the clustering of abnormalities at band 13q14 in B-CLL. The evidence for clonal evolution and the presence of multiple unrelated clones in these patients suggest that B-CLL may not be a karyotypically stable disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-280
Number of pages8
JournalGenes Chromosomes and Cancer
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

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B-Cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Chromosome Aberrations
Clone Cells
Clonal Evolution
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 13
Cytogenetic Analysis
Incidence
Metaphase
Karyotype
Mitogens
Cluster Analysis
Cultured Cells
Lymphocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics

Cite this

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title = "Frequent clonal abnormalities of chromosome band 13q14 in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia: Multiple clones, subclones, and nonclonal alterations in 82 midwestern patients",
abstract = "We performed cytogenetic analyses of peripheral blood lymphocytes from 82 Midwestern B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) patients. The cells were cultured with mitogens for 3-4 days. At least 15 metaphase cells were analyzed in 79 (96{\%}) cases. Fifty (63{\%}) of the 79 patients had clonal chromosomal alterations. Structural modifications of the long arm of chromosome 13 at or near band 13q14 were the most frequent abnormalities, identified in 23 (46{\%}) of the patients with clonal abnormalities. In several patients, the abnormality involving band 13q14 was the sole chromosomal alteration. There was a high incidence of complex karyotypes. Nine patients had multiple subclones that appeared to result from clonal evolution; seven patients had cytogenetically unrelated clones; three patients had both subclones and cytogenetically unrelated clones. Nonclonal abnormalities were also prominent. Our study confirms the high incidence of clonal abnormalities involving chromosome arm 13q and documents the clustering of abnormalities at band 13q14 in B-CLL. The evidence for clonal evolution and the presence of multiple unrelated clones in these patients suggest that B-CLL may not be a karyotypically stable disease.",
author = "Peterson, {L. C.} and Lindquist, {L. L.} and S. Church and Kay, {Neil Elliot}",
year = "1992",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Frequent clonal abnormalities of chromosome band 13q14 in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia

T2 - Multiple clones, subclones, and nonclonal alterations in 82 midwestern patients

AU - Peterson, L. C.

AU - Lindquist, L. L.

AU - Church, S.

AU - Kay, Neil Elliot

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - We performed cytogenetic analyses of peripheral blood lymphocytes from 82 Midwestern B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) patients. The cells were cultured with mitogens for 3-4 days. At least 15 metaphase cells were analyzed in 79 (96%) cases. Fifty (63%) of the 79 patients had clonal chromosomal alterations. Structural modifications of the long arm of chromosome 13 at or near band 13q14 were the most frequent abnormalities, identified in 23 (46%) of the patients with clonal abnormalities. In several patients, the abnormality involving band 13q14 was the sole chromosomal alteration. There was a high incidence of complex karyotypes. Nine patients had multiple subclones that appeared to result from clonal evolution; seven patients had cytogenetically unrelated clones; three patients had both subclones and cytogenetically unrelated clones. Nonclonal abnormalities were also prominent. Our study confirms the high incidence of clonal abnormalities involving chromosome arm 13q and documents the clustering of abnormalities at band 13q14 in B-CLL. The evidence for clonal evolution and the presence of multiple unrelated clones in these patients suggest that B-CLL may not be a karyotypically stable disease.

AB - We performed cytogenetic analyses of peripheral blood lymphocytes from 82 Midwestern B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) patients. The cells were cultured with mitogens for 3-4 days. At least 15 metaphase cells were analyzed in 79 (96%) cases. Fifty (63%) of the 79 patients had clonal chromosomal alterations. Structural modifications of the long arm of chromosome 13 at or near band 13q14 were the most frequent abnormalities, identified in 23 (46%) of the patients with clonal abnormalities. In several patients, the abnormality involving band 13q14 was the sole chromosomal alteration. There was a high incidence of complex karyotypes. Nine patients had multiple subclones that appeared to result from clonal evolution; seven patients had cytogenetically unrelated clones; three patients had both subclones and cytogenetically unrelated clones. Nonclonal abnormalities were also prominent. Our study confirms the high incidence of clonal abnormalities involving chromosome arm 13q and documents the clustering of abnormalities at band 13q14 in B-CLL. The evidence for clonal evolution and the presence of multiple unrelated clones in these patients suggest that B-CLL may not be a karyotypically stable disease.

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