Yield of Repeat Endoscopy in Barrett’s Esophagus with No Dysplasia and Low-Grade Dysplasia: A Population-Based Study

Kavel Visrodia, Prasad G Iyer, Cathy D. Schleck, Alan R. Zinsmeister, David A Katzka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The yield of early repeat endoscopy in patients with Barrett’s esophagus (BE) is not well established. Aims: To determine how often early repeat endoscopy detected missed dysplasia or esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) in a population-based cohort of patients with BE. Secondary aims were to identify risk factors for missed dysplasia/EAC and compare detection of prevalent versus incident HGD/EAC. Methods: A population-based cohort of BE subjects in Olmsted County, MN, was studied. Patients with initial non-dysplastic BE or low-grade dysplasia (LGD) who underwent repeat endoscopy within 24 months were included. Those with a worse histologic diagnosis on repeat endoscopy were considered to have missed dysplasia/EAC. Baseline characteristics among patients with and without missed dysplasia/EAC were compared. The absolute numbers of asymptomatic prevalent or missed, and incident HGD/EAC in the entire cohort were ascertained. Results: Of 488 BE cases, 210 were included for the primary aim of this study. Repeat endoscopy revealed four HGD/EAC (1.9 %) and 16 LGD (8.8 %) for a combined miss rate of 9.5 %. Long-segment BE (LSBE) and lack of PPI use were predictors of missed dysplasia/EAC (P = 0.008), but adherence to biopsy protocol was not. Increased prevalent HGD/EAC (n = 30) rather than incident HGD/EAC (n = 22) was identified during a median 4.8 years of follow-up in this cohort. Conclusions: Dysplasia/EAC is commonly missed at initial BE diagnosis, particularly in patients with LSBE and no PPI use. Efforts should be made to enhance the sensitivity of detecting dysplasia/neoplasia around the time of initial BE diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - May 9 2015

Keywords

  • Barrett’s esophagus
  • Missed dysplasia
  • Prevalent dysplasia
  • Repeat endoscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology

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