Yersinia kristensenii subsp. rochesterensis subsp. nov., isolated from human feces

Scott A. Cunningham, Patricio Jeraldo, Robin Patel

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3 Scopus citations


A single bacterial isolate, EPLC-04T, was isolated from human feces and identified as representing a member of the genus Yersinia on the basis of phenotypic characteristics, matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and partial 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The isolate’s phenotypic profile differed from that described for the most closely related species, Yersinia kristensenii, by exhibiting lipase production and lacking pyrazinamidase activity. Multiple genetic targets, including the complete (1465 bp) 16S rRNA gene sequence and partial sequences of groEL (539 bp), gyrB (935 bp), glnA (525 bp) and recA (535 bp) indicated that the isolate exhibited 98.91, 92.16, 90.81, 92.78 and 89.01 % identity with Yersinia aldovae, 98.98, 91.99, 90.17, 89.77 and 89.55 % identity with Yersinia intermedia, and 99.66, 98.11, 98.50, 98.49 and 98.51 % identity with Y. kristensenii, respectively. Phylogenetic reconstructions based on the combination of the four housekeeping genes indicated that the isolate formed a unique branch, supported by a bootstrap value of 100 %. Digital DNA–DNA homology and 16S rRNA gene sequencing identified EPLC-04T as representing Y. kristensenii. However, the unique phenotypic traits and results of phylogenetic analysis indicate that it represents a novel subspecies of Y. kristensenii. The name Yersinia kristensenii subsp. rochesterensis subsp. nov. is proposed for this novel taxon (type strain EPLC-04T =ATCC BAA-2637T, DSMZ 28595T).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number003464
Pages (from-to)2292-2298
Number of pages7
JournalInternational journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2019


  • Genomics
  • Phylogenetics
  • Proteobacteria
  • Proteomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics


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