X-PROP: A fast and robust diffusion-weighted propeller technique

Zhiqiang Li, James G. Pipe, Chu Yu Lee, Josef P. Debbins, John P. Karis, Donglai Huo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) has shown great benefits in clinical MR exams. However, current DWI techniques have shortcomings of sensitivity to distortion or long scan times or combinations of the two. Diffusion-weighted echo-planar imaging (EPI) is fast but suffers from severe geometric distortion. Periodically rotated overlapping parallel lines with enhanced reconstruction diffusion-weighted imaging (PROPELLER DWI) is free of geometric distortion, but the scan time is usually long and imposes high Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) especially at high fields. TurboPROP was proposed to accelerate the scan by combining signal from gradient echoes, but the off-resonance artifacts from gradient echoes can still degrade the image quality. In this study, a new method called X-PROP is presented. Similar to TurboPROP, it uses gradient echoes to reduce the scan time. By separating the gradient and spin echoes into individual blades and removing the off-resonance phase, the off-resonance artifacts in X-PROP are minimized. Special reconstruction processes are applied on these blades to correct for the motion artifacts. In vivo results show its advantages over EPI, PROPELLER DWI, and TurboPROP techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-347
Number of pages7
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2011


  • TurboPROP
  • diffusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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