Wnt signaling pathway pharmacogenetics in non-small cell lung cancer

D. J. Stewart, D. W. Chang, Y. Ye, M. Spitz, C. Lu, X. Shu, J. A. Wampfler, Randolph Stuart Marks, Yolanda Isabel Garces, Ping Yang, X. Wu

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31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Wingless-type protein (Wnt)/β-catenin pathway alterations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are associated with poor prognosis and resistance. In 598 stage III-IV NSCLC patients receiving platinum-based chemotherapy at the MD Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC), we correlated survival with 441 host single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 50 Wnt pathway genes. We then assessed the most significant SNPs in 240 Mayo Clinic patients receiving platinum-based chemotherapy for advanced NSCLC, 127 MDACC patients receiving platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy and 340 early stage MDACC patients undergoing surgery alone (cohorts 2-4). In multivariate analysis, survival correlates with SNPs for AXIN2 (rs11868547 and rs4541111, of which rs11868547 was assessed in cohorts 2-4), Wnt-5B (rs12819505), CXXC4 (rs4413407) and WIF-1 (rs10878232). Median survival was 19.7, 15.6 and 10.7 months for patients with 1, 2 and 3-5 unfavorable genotypes, respectively (P=3.8 × 10-9). Survival tree analysis classified patients into two groups (median survival time 11.3 vs 17.3 months, P=4.7 × 10-8). None of the SNPs achieved significance in cohorts 2-4; however, there was a trend in the same direction as cohort 1 for 3 of the SNPs. Using online databases, we found rs10878232 displayed expression quantitative trait loci correlation with the expression of LEMD3, a neighboring gene previously associated with NSCLC survival. In conclusion, results from cohort 1 provide further evidence for an important role for Wnt in NSCLC. Investigation of Wnt inhibitors in advanced NSCLC would be reasonable. Lack of an SNP association with outcome in cohorts 2-4 could be due to low statistical power, impact of patient heterogeneity or false-positive observations in cohort 1.The Pharmacogenomics Journal advance online publication, 1 July 2014; doi:10.1038/tpj.2014.21.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPharmacogenomics Journal
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jul 1 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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Stewart, D. J., Chang, D. W., Ye, Y., Spitz, M., Lu, C., Shu, X., Wampfler, J. A., Marks, R. S., Garces, Y. I., Yang, P., & Wu, X. (Accepted/In press). Wnt signaling pathway pharmacogenetics in non-small cell lung cancer. Pharmacogenomics Journal. https://doi.org/10.1038/tpj.2014.21