Widespread use of complementary and alternative medicine among non-Hodgkin lymphoma survivors

Sarah Rausch Osian, Alexis D. Leal, Cristine Allmer, Matthew J. Maurer, Grezegorz Nowakowski, David J. Inwards, William R Macon, Shawna L. Ehlers, George J. Weiner, Thomas M. Habermann, James R. Cerhan, Carrie A. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


There are few studies examining complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use and beliefs among non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) survivors. Seven hundred and nineteen patients with NHL from the University of Iowa/Mayo Clinic Molecular Epidemiology Resource who completed the 3-year post-diagnosis questionnaire were included in this study. Altogether 636 (89%) reported ever using CAM, with 78% utilizing vitamins, 54% alternative therapies and 45% herbals. Female gender was associated with increased overall CAM use (p = 0.0001) as well as use of vitamins (p = 0.0001), herbals (p = 0.006) and alternative therapy (p = 0.0002) for cancer. Older age (> 60) was associated with increased vitamin use (p = 0.005) and decreased herbal use (p = 0.008). Among users, 143 (20%) believed CAM assists healing, 123 (17%) believed CAM relieves symptoms, 122 (17%) believed CAM gives a feeling of control, 110 (15%) believed CAM assists other treatments, 108 (15%) believed CAM boosts immunity, 26 (4%) believed CAM cures cancer and 36 (5%) believed CAM prevents the spread of cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)434-439
Number of pages6
JournalLeukemia and Lymphoma
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015


  • Complementary therapies
  • Lymphoma
  • Neoplasms
  • Survivors
  • Vitamins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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