Whole Transcriptome Sequencing Analyses Reveal Molecular Markers of Blood Pressure Response to Thiazide Diuretics

Ana Caroline C. Sá, Amy Webb, Yan Gong, Caitrin W. McDonough, Somnath Datta, Taimour Y. Langaee, Stephen T. Turner, Amber L. Beitelshees, Arlene B. Chapman, Eric Boerwinkle, John G. Gums, Steven E. Scherer, Rhonda M. Cooper-Dehoff, Wolfgang Sadee, Julie A. Johnson

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Thiazide diuretics (TD) are commonly prescribed anti-hypertensives worldwide. However, <40% of patients treated with thiazide monotherapy achieve BP control. This study uses whole transcriptome sequencing to identify novel molecular markers associated with BP response to TD. We assessed global RNA expression levels in whole blood samples from 150 participants, representing patients in the upper and lower quartile of BP response to TD from the Pharmacogenomic Evaluation of Antihypertensive Responses (PEAR) (50 whites) and from PEAR-2 (50 whites and 50 blacks). In each study cohort, we performed poly-A RNA-sequencing in baseline samples from 25 responders and 25 non-responders to hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) or chlorthalidone. At FDR adjusted p-value < 0.05, 29 genes were differentially expressed in relation to HCTZ or chlorthalidone BP response in whites. For each differentially expressed gene, replication was attempted in the alternate white group and PEAR-2 blacks. CEBPD (meta-analysis p = 1.8 × 10-11) and TSC22D3 (p = 1.9 × 10-9) were differentially expressed in all 3 cohorts, and explain, in aggregate, 21.9% of response variability to TD. This is the first report of the use of transcriptome-wide sequencing data to identify molecular markers of antihypertensive drug response. These findings support CEBPD and TSC22D3 as potential biomarkers of BP response to TD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number16068
JournalScientific reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

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    Sá, A. C. C., Webb, A., Gong, Y., McDonough, C. W., Datta, S., Langaee, T. Y., Turner, S. T., Beitelshees, A. L., Chapman, A. B., Boerwinkle, E., Gums, J. G., Scherer, S. E., Cooper-Dehoff, R. M., Sadee, W., & Johnson, J. A. (2017). Whole Transcriptome Sequencing Analyses Reveal Molecular Markers of Blood Pressure Response to Thiazide Diuretics. Scientific reports, 7(1), [16068]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-16343-z