Background - Targeted postmortem genetic testing of the 4 major channelopathy-susceptibility genes (KCNQ1, KCNH2, SCN5A, and RYR2) have yielded putative pathogenic mutations in ≤30% of autopsy-negative sudden unexplained death in the young (SUDY) cases with highest yields derived from the subset of exertion-related SUDY. Here, we evaluate the role of whole-exome sequencing in exertion-related SUDY cases. Methods and Results - From 1998 to 2010, 32 cases of exertion-related SUDY were referred by Medical Examiners for a cardiac channel molecular autopsy. A mutational analysis of the major long-QT syndrome-susceptibility genes (KCNQ1, KCNH2, and SCN5A) and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia-susceptibility gene (RYR2) identified a putative pathogenic mutation in 11 cases. Whole-exome sequencing was performed on the remaining 21 targeted gene-negative SUDY cases. After whole-exome sequencing, a gene-specific surveillance of all genes (N=100) implicated in sudden death was performed to identify putative pathogenic mutation(s). Three of these 21 decedents had a clinically actionable, pathogenic mutation (CALM2-F90L, CALM2-N98S, and PKP2-N634fs). Of the 18 remaining cases, 7 hosted at least 1 variant of unknown significance with a minor allele frequency <1:20 000. The overall yield of pathogenic mutations was higher among decedents aged 1 to 10 years (10/11, 91%) than those aged 11 to 19 years (4/21, 19%, P=0.0001). Conclusions - Molecular screening in this clinical scenario is appropriate with a pathogenic mutation detection rate of 44% using direct DNA sequencing followed by whole-exome sequencing. Only 5 of the 100 interrogated sudden death genes hosted actionable pathogenic mutations for more than one third of these exertion-related, autopsy-negative SUDY cases.
- genetic testing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine