Weighed dietary intakes in patients with chronic liver disease

James A. Levine, Marsha Y. Morgan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Poor dietary intake is assumed to be a major causal factor in the malnutrition observed in patients with chronic liver disease. However, the dietary habits of this patient population are poorly documented. The aim of this study was to assess weighed dietary intakes in hospitalized patients with chronic liver disease. Twenty patients with liver disease (10 men, 10 women; mean ± SD age, 46.2 ± 10.9 yr, mean weight, 63.3 ± 8.0 kg, mean body mass index. 22.1 ± 2.8 kg/m2; 10 alcoholic. 10 nonalcoholic) and 20 general medical patients, matched for age and sex, underwent a 3 d weighed assessment of dietary intake. No significant differences were observed in food intake or dietary composition between the patterns with liver disease and the hospital controls. Patients with alcoholic liver disease showed significant differences in dietary energy, protein, and carbohydrate intakes compared with the patients with nonalcoholic liver disease when data were expressed in absolute terms but not when expressed relative to body weight; dietary composition was similar in both groups. Overall patients with chronic liver disease, especially those with alcohol-related injury, consume a diet comparable with that ingested by other hospital patients both in amount and composition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)430-435
Number of pages6
JournalNutrition
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1996

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Keywords

  • caloric intake
  • diet
  • liver disease
  • nutritional status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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