Volume regression of native polycystic kidneys after renal transplantation

Yeonsoon Jung, Maria Irazabal Mira, Fouad Chebib, Peter C Harris, Patrick G. Dean, Mikel Prieto, Fernando G Cosio, Ziad M El-Zoghby, Vicente Torres

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background The natural course of native kidneys after renal transplantation (RT) or dialysis in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) remains poorly understood. Methods We measured the total volumes of native kidneys and liver in 78 and 68 ADPKD patients, respectively, who had pre-transplant (within 2 years) and at least one post-transplant computed tomography (CT)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); in 40 patients with at least two post-transplant but no pre-transplant CT/MRIs; in 9 patients on chronic hemodialysis with at least one CT/MRI before and after beginning dialysis; and in 5 patients who had no image before and more than one image after dialysis. The last imaging was used in patients with multiple studies. Results Mean total kidney volume (TKV) (± SD) prior to transplantation was 3187 ± 1779 mL in the 78 patients who had imaging before and after transplantation and decreased by 20.2, 28.6, 38.3 and 45.8% after 0.5-1 (mean 0.7), 1-3 (1.8), 3-10 (5.7) and >10 (12.6) years, respectively. In the multivariable analysis, time on dialysis prior to RT and time from baseline to transplantation were negatively associated with reduction in TKV, whereas estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) after transplantation and time from transplantation were positively associated with percent reduction in TKV. In the 40 patients with imaging only after transplantation, TKV decreased by 3.2 ± 16.3% between 7.2 ± 6.0 and 11.2 ± 6.8 years after transplantation (P <0.001). TKV was 11.2 ± 35.6% higher (P = NS) after a follow-up of 3.4 ± 2.0 years in the 9 patients with imaging before and after initiation of hemodialysis and 3.4 ± 40.2% lower (P = NS) in the 5 patients with imaging between 2.0 ± 2.1 and 3.5 ± 3.6 years after initiation of hemodialysis. In the 68 patients with liver measurements, volume increased by 5.8 ± 17.9% between baseline and follow-up at 3.7 ± 3.8 years after transplantation (P = 0.009). Conclusions TKV of native polycystic kidneys decreases substantially after RT. The reduction occurs mainly during the early post-transplantation period and more slowly thereafter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-79
Number of pages7
JournalNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

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Keywords

  • ADPKD
  • liver volume
  • renal transplantation
  • total kidney volume

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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