Vitamin C improves endothelium-dependent vasodilation in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

Henry H. Ting, Farris K. Timimi, Kimberly S. Boles, Shelly J. Creager, Peter Ganz, Mark A. Creager

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

754 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endothelium-dependent vasodilation is impaired in humans with diabetes mellitus. Inactivation of endothelium-derived nitric oxide by oxygen-derived free radicals contributes to abnormal vascular reactivity in experimental models of diabetes. To determine whether this observation is relevant to humans, we tested the hypothesis that the antioxidant, vitamin C, could improve endothelium-dependent vasodilation in forearm resistance vessels of patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. We studied 10 diabetic subjects and 10 age-matched, nondiabetic control subjects. Forearm blood flow was determined by venous occlusion plethysmography. Endothelium-dependent vasodilation was assessed by intraarterial infusion of methacholine (0.3-10 μg/min). Endothelium-independent vasodilation was measured by intraarterial infusion of nitroprusside (0.3-10 μg/min) and verapamil (10-300 μg/min). Forearm blood flow dose-response curves were determined for each drug before and during concomitant intraarterial administration of vitamin C (24 mg/min). In diabetic subjects, endothelium-dependent vasodilation to methacholine was augmented by simultaneous infusion of vitamin C (P = 0.002); in contrast, endothelium-independent vasodilation to nitroprusside and to verapamil were not affected by concomitant infusion of vitamin C (P = 0.9 and P = 0.4, respectively). In nondiabetic subjects, vitamin C administration did not alter endothelium-dependent vasodilation (P = 0.8). We conclude that endothelial dysfunction in forearm resistance vessels of patients with non- insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus can be improved by administration of the antioxidant, vitamin C. These findings support the hypothesis that nitric oxide inactivation by oxygen-derived free radicals contributes to abnormal vascular reactivity in diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22-28
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume97
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

Keywords

  • antioxidants
  • ascorbate
  • endothelium-derived relaxing factor
  • free radicals
  • vascular

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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