Vitamin A and vitamin E status of rural preschool children in West Java, Indonesia, and their response to oral doses of vitamin A and of vitamin E

H. R. Bergen, G. Natadisastra, H. Muhilal, A. Dedi, D. Karyadi, J. A. Olson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vitamin A and E status was studied in five groups (satisfactory growth, reduced growth, night blindness, Bitot's spots, and corneal xerosis) of rural Indonesian preschool children. All groups except corneal xerosis showed satisfactory weight-height ratios. Initial serum retinol values were < 0.35 μmol/L in 34% of all children. After oral administration of 24.4 μmol vitamin A, mean serum retinol values rose from 0.42 to 0.70 μmol/L at 10 d. After oral treatment of children with 244 or 314 μmol vitamin A, mean serum retinol remained > 0.56 μmol/L for 165 d. Of particular note were the low mean initial serum α-tocopherol concentrations (6.3 μmol/L) and α-tocopherol-total lipid ratios (1.5 μmol/g). Total serum lipids fell in the normal range. Oral administration of 84 μmol vitamin E raised serum α-tocopherol and α-tocopherol-total-lipid ratios by 46 and 44%, respectively. Thus, vitamin E inadequacy, which impairs vitamin E absorption and storage, may well contribute to the high incidence of clinical vitamin A deficiency in West Javan children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-285
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Vitamin A and vitamin E status of rural preschool children in West Java, Indonesia, and their response to oral doses of vitamin A and of vitamin E'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this