Vincristine, actinomycin, and cyclophosphamide compared with vincristine, actinomycin, and cyclophosphamide alternating with vincristine, topotecan, and cyclophosphamide for intermediate-risk rhabdomyosarcoma: Children's Oncology Group Study D9803

Carola A.S. Arndt, Julie A. Stoner, Douglas S. Hawkins, David A. Rodeberg, Andrea A. Hayes-Jordan, Charles N. Paidas, David M. Parham, Lisa A. Teot, Moody D. Wharam, John C. Breneman, Sarah S. Donaldson, James R. Anderson, William H. Meyer

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Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the outcome of patients with intermediate-risk rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) treated with standard VAC (vincristine, dactinomycin, and cyclophosphamide) chemotherapy to that of patients treated with VAC alternating with vincristine, topotecan, and cyclophosphamide (VAC/VTC). Patients and Methods: Patients were randomly assigned to 39 weeks of VAC versus VAC/VTC; local therapy began after week 12. Patients with parameningeal RMS with intracranial extension (PME) were treated with VAC and immediate x-ray therapy. The primary study end point was failure-free survival (FFS). The study was designed with 80% power (5% two-sided α level) to detect an increase in 5-year FFS from 64% to 75% with VAC/VTC. Results: A total of 617 eligible patients were entered onto the study: 264 were randomly assigned to VAC and 252 to VAC/VTC; 101 PME patients were nonrandomly treated with VAC. Treatment strata were embryonal RMS, stage 2/3, group III (33%); embryonal RMS, group IV, less than age 10 years (7%); alveolar RMS or undifferentiated sarcoma (UDS), stage 1 or group I (17%); alveolar RMS/UDS (27%); and PME (16%). At a median follow-up of 4.3 years, 4-year FFS was 73% with VAC and 68% with VAC/VTC (P = .3). There was no difference in effect of VAC versus VAC/VTC across risk groups. The frequency of second malignancies was similar between the two treatment groups. Conclusion: For intermediate-risk RMS, VAC/VTC does not significantly improve FFS compared with VAC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5182-5188
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume27
Issue number31
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Arndt, C. A. S., Stoner, J. A., Hawkins, D. S., Rodeberg, D. A., Hayes-Jordan, A. A., Paidas, C. N., Parham, D. M., Teot, L. A., Wharam, M. D., Breneman, J. C., Donaldson, S. S., Anderson, J. R., & Meyer, W. H. (2009). Vincristine, actinomycin, and cyclophosphamide compared with vincristine, actinomycin, and cyclophosphamide alternating with vincristine, topotecan, and cyclophosphamide for intermediate-risk rhabdomyosarcoma: Children's Oncology Group Study D9803. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 27(31), 5182-5188. https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2009.22.3768