Veterans' continued participation in an annual fecal immunochemical test mailing program for colorectal cancer screening

Jennifer A. Schlichting, Michelle A. Mengeling, Nader M. Makki, Ashish Malhotra, Thorvardur R. Halfdanarson, J. Stacey Klutts, Barcey T. Levy, Peter J. Kaboli, Mary E. Charlton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine what proportion of veterans previously screened for colorectal cancer (CRC) using fecal immunochemical testing (FIT) would be willing to undergo a second round of FIT screening. Methods: Patients in the Iowa City Veterans Affairs Health Care System (<65 years old, asymptomatic, average risk, overdue for CRC screening) who completed a mailed FIT (April 2011 to May 2012) were contacted 1 year later by telephone to collect demographic and recent CRC screening information, and were offered a second mailed FIT if eligible. Results: Of 204 veterans who completed initial FIT testing, 159 were eligible to participate in a second round of FIT screening; 132 (83%) participated in the telephone survey, and 126 (79%) completed a second annual FIT, with 10 (8%) individuals testing positive. The majority of participants (67%) reported being more likely to take a yearly FIT than a colonoscopy every 10 years. Participants overwhelmingly reported that the FIT was easy to use and convenient (89%), and they were likely to complete a mailed FIT each year (97%). Conclusions: Those willing to take a mailed FIT seem satisfied with this method and willing to do it annually. Population-based or provider-based FIT mailing programs have the potential to increase CRC screening in overdue populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)494-497
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Board of Family Medicine
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cancer screening
  • Colorectal cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Family Practice

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    Schlichting, J. A., Mengeling, M. A., Makki, N. M., Malhotra, A., Halfdanarson, T. R., Klutts, J. S., Levy, B. T., Kaboli, P. J., & Charlton, M. E. (2015). Veterans' continued participation in an annual fecal immunochemical test mailing program for colorectal cancer screening. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, 28(4), 494-497. https://doi.org/10.3122/jabfm.2015.04.140241