Very high risk of cancer in familial Peutz-Jeghers syndrome

Francis M. Giardiello, Jill D. Brensinger, Anne C. Tersmette, Steven N. Goodman, Gloria M. Petersen, Susan V. Booker, Marcia Cruz-Correa, Johan A. Offerhaus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

943 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background & Aims: The Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is an autosomal dominant polyposis disorder with increased risk of multiple cancers, but literature estimates of risk vary. Methods: We performed an individual patient meta-analysis to determine the relative risk (RR) of cancer in patients with PJS compared with the general population based on 210 individuals described in 6 publications. Results: For patients with PJS, the RR for all cancers was 15.2 (95% confidence limits [CL], 2, 19). A statistically significant increase of RR was noted for esophagus (57; CL, 2.5, 557), stomach (213; CL, 96, 368), small intestine (520; CL, 220, 1306), colon (84; CL, 47, 137), pancreas (132; CL, 44, 261), lung (17.0; CL, 5.4, 39), breast (15.2; CL, 7.6, 27), uterus (16.0; CL, 1.9, 56), ovary (27; CL, 7.3, 68), but not testicular or cervical malignancies. Cumulative risk for all cancer was 93% from age 15 to 64 years old. Conclusions: Patients with PJS are at very high relative and absolute risk for gastrointestinal and nongastrointestinal cancers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1447-1453
Number of pages7
JournalGastroenterology
Volume119
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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    Giardiello, F. M., Brensinger, J. D., Tersmette, A. C., Goodman, S. N., Petersen, G. M., Booker, S. V., Cruz-Correa, M., & Offerhaus, J. A. (2000). Very high risk of cancer in familial Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. Gastroenterology, 119(6), 1447-1453. https://doi.org/10.1053/gast.2000.20228