Venous thromboembolism in nursing home residents: Role of selected risk factors

Cynthia L. Leibson, Tanya M. Petterson, Carin Y. Smith, Kent R. Bailey, Aneel A. Ashrani, John A. Heit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives To provide nursing home (NH)-specific estimates to assess whether venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk factors identified for the general population apply to NH residents. Design Population-based case-control study. Setting Olmsted County, Minnesota. Participants All county residents with symptomatic objectively diagnosed incident VTE while resident in a NH from 1988 through 2000 (N = 182) and two age-, sex-, calendar-year-matched non-VTE Olmsted County NH residents per case (N = 364). Measurements Provider-linked medical records were reviewed to obtain information on active malignancy and recent hospitalization, surgery, trauma, or fracture as of index date (case's VTE date; respective provider registration date for controls). Risk factor prevalence and VTE-associated odds ratios (OR) were estimated and compared with previously obtained data for all Olmsted County residents from 1988 through 2000. For analyses, both groups were limited to individuals aged 65 and older. Results In NH residents, active malignancy, recent hospitalization, and recent surgery significantly increased VTE risk, but the magnitude of risk appeared much lower than general population estimates (e.g., for major surgery, OR = 2.5, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.4-4.3 for NH residents vs OR = 11, 95% CI = 7.0-17 for general population). In general, the prevalence of all evaluated VTE risk factors appeared much higher in NH controls than in general population controls. Thromboprophylaxis rates appeared higher for NH cases and controls than in the general population; disconcertingly, 47% of NH cases received prophylaxis. Conclusion Although general population VTE risk factors (active cancer and recent hospitalization or surgery) can identify NH residents at higher risk for VTE, these exposures do not adequately stratify VTE risk for thromboprophylaxis recommendations. Further research into NH-specific risk factors and prophylaxis effectiveness is required.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1718-1723
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume60
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2012

Keywords

  • deep vein thrombosis
  • long-term care
  • nursing home
  • pulmonary embolism
  • venous thromboembolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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