Vav1 and Vav3 have critical but redundant roles in mediating platelet activation by collagen

Andrew C. Pearce, Yotis A. Senis, Daniel D. Billadeau, Martin Turner, Steve P. Watson, Elena Vigorito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

77 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vav family proteins are guanine nucleotide exchange factors for the Rho/Rac family of small GTP-binding proteins. In addition, they have domains that mediate protein-protein interactions, including one Src homology 2 (SH2) and two Src homology 3 (SH3) domains. Vav1, Vav2, iind Vav3 play a crucial role in the regulation of phospholipase Cγ (PLCγ) isoforms by immuno-tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)-coupled receptors, including the T- and B-cell antigen receptors. We have reported in platelets, however, that Vav1 and Vav2 are not required for activation of PLCγ2 in response to stimulation of the ITAM-coupled collagen receptor glycoprotein VI (GPVI). Here we report that Vav3 is tyrosine-phosphorylated upon activation of GPVI but that Vav3-deficient platelets also exhibit a normal response upon activation of the ITAM receptor. In sharp contrast, platelets deficient in both Vav1 and Vav3 show a marked inhibition of aggregation and spreading upon activation of GPVI, which is associated with a reduction in tyrosine phosphorylation of PLCγ2. The phenotype of Vav1/2/3 triple-deficient platelets is similar to that of Vav1/3 double-deficient cells. These results demonstrate that Vav3 and Vav1 play crucial but redundant roles in the activation of PLCγ2 by GPVI. This is the first time that absolute redundancy between two protein isoforms has been observed with respect to the regulation of PLCγ2 in platelets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53955-53962
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number52
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 24 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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