Vav1 acidic region tyrosine 174 is required for the formation of T cell receptor-induced microclusters and is essential in T cell development and activation

Ana V. Miletic, Kumiko Sakata-Sogawa, Michio Hiroshima, Michael J. Hamann, Timothy S. Gomez, Naruhisa Ota, Tracie Kloeppel, Osami Kanagawa, Makio Tokunaga, Daniel D. Billadeau, Wojciech Swat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vav proteins are multidomain signaling molecules critical for mediating signals downstream of several surface receptors, including the antigen receptors of T and B lymphocytes. The catalytic guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) activity of the Vav Dbl homology (DH) domain is thought to be controlled by an intramolecular autoinhibitory mechanism involving an N-terminal extension and phosphorylation of tyrosine residues in the acidic region (AC). Here, we report that the sequences surrounding the Vav1 AC: Tyr142, Tyr 160, and Tyr174 are evolutionarily conserved, conform to consensus SH2 domain binding motifs, and bind several proteins implicated in TCR signaling, including Lck, PI3K p85α, and PLCγ1, through direct interactions with their SH2 domains. In addition, the AC tyrosines regulate tyrosine phosphorylation of Vav1. We also show that Tyr174 is required for the maintenance of TCR-signaling microclusters and for normal T cell development and activation. In this regard, our data demonstrate that while Vav1 Tyr174 is essential for maintaining the inhibitory constraint of the DH domain in both developing and mature T cells, constitutively activated Vav GEF disrupts TCR-signaling microclusters and leads to defective T cell development and proliferation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38257-38265
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume281
Issue number50
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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