Vascular risk factors and longitudinal changes on brain MRI: The ARIC study

David S Knopman, A. D. Penman, D. J. Catellier, L. H. Coker, D. K. Shibata, A. R. Sharrett, T. H. Mosley

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Abstract

Objective: To evaluate associations between vascular risk factors and changes in burden of infarcts, ventricular size (VS), sulcal widening (SW), and white matter hyperintensities (WMH) in an initially middle-aged, biracial cohort from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. Methods: Initial brain magnetic resonance (MR) scans and evaluations for vascular risk factors were performed in 1,812 ARIC participants in 1994-1995. In 2004-2006, 1,130 ARIC participants underwent repeat MR scans. MR scans were rated using a validated 9-point scale for VS, SW, and WMH. Infarcts were recorded. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to assess associations between vascular risk factors and change between MR scans of one or more grades in VS, SW, WMH, or appearance of new infarcts, controlling for age, sex, and race. Results: At baseline, the 1,112 participants with usable scans (385 black women, 200 black men, 304 white women, 223 white men) had a mean age of 61.7 ± 4.3 years. In adjusted models, diabetes at baseline was associated with incident infarcts (odds ratio [OR] 1.95, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.29-2.95) and worsening SW (OR 2.10, 95% CI 1.36-3.24). Hypertension at baseline was associated with incident infarcts (OR 1.73, 95% CI 1.23-2.42). In subjects with the highest tertile of fasting blood sugar and systolic blood pressure at baseline, the risk of incident infarcts was 3.68 times higher (95% CI 1.89-7.19) than those in the lowest tertile for both. Conclusion: Both atrophic and ischemic imaging changes were driven by altered glycemic and blood pressure control beginning in midlife.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1879-1885
Number of pages7
JournalNeurology
Volume76
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - May 31 2011

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Atherosclerosis
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Confidence Intervals
Odds Ratio
Brain
Blood Pressure
Blood Glucose
Fasting
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Hypertension
vascular factor
White Matter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Knopman, D. S., Penman, A. D., Catellier, D. J., Coker, L. H., Shibata, D. K., Sharrett, A. R., & Mosley, T. H. (2011). Vascular risk factors and longitudinal changes on brain MRI: The ARIC study. Neurology, 76(22), 1879-1885. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0b013e31821d753f

Vascular risk factors and longitudinal changes on brain MRI : The ARIC study. / Knopman, David S; Penman, A. D.; Catellier, D. J.; Coker, L. H.; Shibata, D. K.; Sharrett, A. R.; Mosley, T. H.

In: Neurology, Vol. 76, No. 22, 31.05.2011, p. 1879-1885.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Knopman, DS, Penman, AD, Catellier, DJ, Coker, LH, Shibata, DK, Sharrett, AR & Mosley, TH 2011, 'Vascular risk factors and longitudinal changes on brain MRI: The ARIC study', Neurology, vol. 76, no. 22, pp. 1879-1885. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0b013e31821d753f
Knopman DS, Penman AD, Catellier DJ, Coker LH, Shibata DK, Sharrett AR et al. Vascular risk factors and longitudinal changes on brain MRI: The ARIC study. Neurology. 2011 May 31;76(22):1879-1885. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0b013e31821d753f
Knopman, David S ; Penman, A. D. ; Catellier, D. J. ; Coker, L. H. ; Shibata, D. K. ; Sharrett, A. R. ; Mosley, T. H. / Vascular risk factors and longitudinal changes on brain MRI : The ARIC study. In: Neurology. 2011 ; Vol. 76, No. 22. pp. 1879-1885.
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AU - Shibata, D. K.

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