Purpose: It has been shown that patients admitted to high-volume hospitals for resection of sellar and parasellar lesions experience reduced mortality and morbidity. It remains unknown what preoperative factors influence admission to high-volume centers. We report a nationwide analysis of patients <18 years of age undergoing neurosurgical intervention for these lesions. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample was performed with additional factors from the Area Resource File. International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision diagnosis/procedural codes were used to identify patients undergoing resection of tumors from the pituitary gland or related structures. Patients <18 years old were excluded. Covariates included age, gender, race, and insurance status. Multivariate analysis was performed using multiple logistic regression models. A p value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: In total, 1,063 patients were identified. Most (69.8%) were seen at low-volume centers. Mean (median) patient age was 13.7 (15) years. The majority of patients were female (54.8%), white (61.9%), and insured (90.3%). Hispanics were 44% less likely (odds ratio (OR) 0.56, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.34-0.92, p < 0.05) to be seen at high-volume centers than their Caucasian counterparts. Each increase in 2-year patient age category was associated with greater access to high-volume centers (OR 1.12, 95% CI 1.03-1.23, p < 0.05), relative to 0-2 years old. Female gender, insurance status, county poverty, neurosurgeon density, and calendar year were not significantly associated with admission to high-volume centers. Conclusions: Age and racial disparities play a significant role in access neurosurgical care, affecting admission of pediatric patients to high-volume neurosurgical centers across the USA.
- Pediatric sellar/parasellar tumors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology