Validation and Clinical Significance of the Childhood Myositis Assessment Scale for Assessment of Muscle Function in the Juvenile Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathies

Adam M. Huber, Brian M. Feldman, Robert M. Rennebohm, Jeanne E. Hicks, Carol B. Lindsley, Maria D. Perez, Lawrence S. Zemel, Carol A. Wallace, Susan H. Ballinger, Murray H. Passo, Ann M. Reed, Ronald M. Summers, Patience H. White, Ildy M. Katona, Frederick W. Miller, Peter A. Lachenbruch, Lisa G. Rider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

118 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. To examine the measurement characteristics of the Childhood Myositis Assessment Scale (CMAS) in children with juvenile idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (juvenile IIM), and to obtain preliminary data on the clinical significance of CMAS scores. Methods. One hundred eight children with juvenile IIM were evaluated on 2 occasions, 7-9 months apart, using various measures of physical function, strength, and disease activity. Interrater reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness of the CMAS were examined. The minimum clinically important difference (MID) and CMAS scores corresponding to various degrees of physical disability were estimated. Results. The intraclass correlation coefficient for 26 patients assessed by 2 examiners was 0.89, indicating very good interrater reliability. The CMAS score correlated highly with the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (C-HAQ) score and with findings on manual muscle testing (MMT) (rs = -0.73 and 0.73, respectively) and moderately with physician-assessed global disease activity and skin activity, parent-assessed global disease severity, and muscle magnetic resonance imaging (rs = -0.44 to -0.61), thereby demonstrating good construct validity. The standardized response mean was 0.81 (95% confidence interval 0.53, 1.09) in patients with at least 0.8 cm improvement on a 10-cm visual analog scale for physician-assessed global disease activity, indicating strong responsiveness. In bivariate regression models predicting physician-assessed global disease activity, MMT remained significant in models containing the CMAS (P = 0.03) while the C-HAQ did not (P = 0.4). Estimates of the MID ranged from 1.5 to 3.0 points on a 0-52-point scale. CMAS scores corresponding to no, mild, mild-to-moderate, and moderate physical disability, respectively, were 48, 45, 39, and 30. Conclusion. The CMAS exhibits good reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness, and is therefore a valid instrument for the assessment of physical function, muscle strength, and endurance in children with juvenile IIM. Preliminary data on MID and corresponding levels of disability should aid in the clinical interpretation of CMAS scores when assessing patients with juvenile IIM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1595-1603
Number of pages9
JournalArthritis and Rheumatism
Volume50
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2004

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Myositis
Muscles
Physicians
Reproducibility of Results
Health
Muscle Strength
Visual Analog Scale
Skin Diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Rheumatology

Cite this

Validation and Clinical Significance of the Childhood Myositis Assessment Scale for Assessment of Muscle Function in the Juvenile Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathies. / Huber, Adam M.; Feldman, Brian M.; Rennebohm, Robert M.; Hicks, Jeanne E.; Lindsley, Carol B.; Perez, Maria D.; Zemel, Lawrence S.; Wallace, Carol A.; Ballinger, Susan H.; Passo, Murray H.; Reed, Ann M.; Summers, Ronald M.; White, Patience H.; Katona, Ildy M.; Miller, Frederick W.; Lachenbruch, Peter A.; Rider, Lisa G.

In: Arthritis and Rheumatism, Vol. 50, No. 5, 05.2004, p. 1595-1603.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Huber, AM, Feldman, BM, Rennebohm, RM, Hicks, JE, Lindsley, CB, Perez, MD, Zemel, LS, Wallace, CA, Ballinger, SH, Passo, MH, Reed, AM, Summers, RM, White, PH, Katona, IM, Miller, FW, Lachenbruch, PA & Rider, LG 2004, 'Validation and Clinical Significance of the Childhood Myositis Assessment Scale for Assessment of Muscle Function in the Juvenile Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathies', Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 1595-1603. https://doi.org/10.1002/art.20179
Huber, Adam M. ; Feldman, Brian M. ; Rennebohm, Robert M. ; Hicks, Jeanne E. ; Lindsley, Carol B. ; Perez, Maria D. ; Zemel, Lawrence S. ; Wallace, Carol A. ; Ballinger, Susan H. ; Passo, Murray H. ; Reed, Ann M. ; Summers, Ronald M. ; White, Patience H. ; Katona, Ildy M. ; Miller, Frederick W. ; Lachenbruch, Peter A. ; Rider, Lisa G. / Validation and Clinical Significance of the Childhood Myositis Assessment Scale for Assessment of Muscle Function in the Juvenile Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathies. In: Arthritis and Rheumatism. 2004 ; Vol. 50, No. 5. pp. 1595-1603.
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abstract = "Objective. To examine the measurement characteristics of the Childhood Myositis Assessment Scale (CMAS) in children with juvenile idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (juvenile IIM), and to obtain preliminary data on the clinical significance of CMAS scores. Methods. One hundred eight children with juvenile IIM were evaluated on 2 occasions, 7-9 months apart, using various measures of physical function, strength, and disease activity. Interrater reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness of the CMAS were examined. The minimum clinically important difference (MID) and CMAS scores corresponding to various degrees of physical disability were estimated. Results. The intraclass correlation coefficient for 26 patients assessed by 2 examiners was 0.89, indicating very good interrater reliability. The CMAS score correlated highly with the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (C-HAQ) score and with findings on manual muscle testing (MMT) (rs = -0.73 and 0.73, respectively) and moderately with physician-assessed global disease activity and skin activity, parent-assessed global disease severity, and muscle magnetic resonance imaging (rs = -0.44 to -0.61), thereby demonstrating good construct validity. The standardized response mean was 0.81 (95{\%} confidence interval 0.53, 1.09) in patients with at least 0.8 cm improvement on a 10-cm visual analog scale for physician-assessed global disease activity, indicating strong responsiveness. In bivariate regression models predicting physician-assessed global disease activity, MMT remained significant in models containing the CMAS (P = 0.03) while the C-HAQ did not (P = 0.4). Estimates of the MID ranged from 1.5 to 3.0 points on a 0-52-point scale. CMAS scores corresponding to no, mild, mild-to-moderate, and moderate physical disability, respectively, were 48, 45, 39, and 30. Conclusion. The CMAS exhibits good reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness, and is therefore a valid instrument for the assessment of physical function, muscle strength, and endurance in children with juvenile IIM. Preliminary data on MID and corresponding levels of disability should aid in the clinical interpretation of CMAS scores when assessing patients with juvenile IIM.",
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AU - Huber, Adam M.

AU - Feldman, Brian M.

AU - Rennebohm, Robert M.

AU - Hicks, Jeanne E.

AU - Lindsley, Carol B.

AU - Perez, Maria D.

AU - Zemel, Lawrence S.

AU - Wallace, Carol A.

AU - Ballinger, Susan H.

AU - Passo, Murray H.

AU - Reed, Ann M.

AU - Summers, Ronald M.

AU - White, Patience H.

AU - Katona, Ildy M.

AU - Miller, Frederick W.

AU - Lachenbruch, Peter A.

AU - Rider, Lisa G.

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N2 - Objective. To examine the measurement characteristics of the Childhood Myositis Assessment Scale (CMAS) in children with juvenile idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (juvenile IIM), and to obtain preliminary data on the clinical significance of CMAS scores. Methods. One hundred eight children with juvenile IIM were evaluated on 2 occasions, 7-9 months apart, using various measures of physical function, strength, and disease activity. Interrater reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness of the CMAS were examined. The minimum clinically important difference (MID) and CMAS scores corresponding to various degrees of physical disability were estimated. Results. The intraclass correlation coefficient for 26 patients assessed by 2 examiners was 0.89, indicating very good interrater reliability. The CMAS score correlated highly with the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (C-HAQ) score and with findings on manual muscle testing (MMT) (rs = -0.73 and 0.73, respectively) and moderately with physician-assessed global disease activity and skin activity, parent-assessed global disease severity, and muscle magnetic resonance imaging (rs = -0.44 to -0.61), thereby demonstrating good construct validity. The standardized response mean was 0.81 (95% confidence interval 0.53, 1.09) in patients with at least 0.8 cm improvement on a 10-cm visual analog scale for physician-assessed global disease activity, indicating strong responsiveness. In bivariate regression models predicting physician-assessed global disease activity, MMT remained significant in models containing the CMAS (P = 0.03) while the C-HAQ did not (P = 0.4). Estimates of the MID ranged from 1.5 to 3.0 points on a 0-52-point scale. CMAS scores corresponding to no, mild, mild-to-moderate, and moderate physical disability, respectively, were 48, 45, 39, and 30. Conclusion. The CMAS exhibits good reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness, and is therefore a valid instrument for the assessment of physical function, muscle strength, and endurance in children with juvenile IIM. Preliminary data on MID and corresponding levels of disability should aid in the clinical interpretation of CMAS scores when assessing patients with juvenile IIM.

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