Validated high-performance liquid chromatographic assay for simultaneous determination of dacarbazine and the plasma metabolites 5-(3-hydroxymethyl-3-methyl-1-triazeno)imidazole-4-carboxamide and 5-(3-methyl-1-triazeno)imidazole-4-carboxamide

Stephanie L. Safgren, Joel M. Reid, Robert Rios, Matthew M. Ames

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations


Dacarbazine (DTIC) is a prodrug that is clinically effective in the treatment of Hodgkin's disease, melanoma and soft tissue sarcoma. To better characterize the clinical pharmacology of parent drug and reactive metabolites, a reversed-phase HPLC method with UV detection was developed for simultaneous determination of dacarbazine and the metabolites 5-(3-hydroxymethyl-3-methyl-1-triazeno)imidazole-4-carboxamide (HMMTIC) and 5-(3-methyl-1-triazeno)imidazole-4-carboxamide (MTIC). Chromatographic separation was achieved with a Zorbax SB-CN column and with a mobile phase of 80% 50 mM ammonium phosphate, pH 6.5, 20% methanol and 0.1% triethylamine. HMMTIC, MTIC and DTIC were extracted from plasma with methanol precipitation of the proteins. Recovery of DTIC and the metabolites from whole blood was greater than 92%. Rapid processing of whole blood, methanol extraction and storage at -70°C substantially increased the stability of HMMTIC and MTIC from less than 15 min to 3 days. Precision for HMMTIC, MTIC and DTIC ranged from 3.7 to 16.3% relative standard deviation. The accuracy ranged from 101 to 114% for all three analytes. The validated assay was used to determine the pharmacokinetic data for dacarbazine and its active metabolites for human patients with recurrent glioma receiving DTIC intravenously.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-96
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 15 2001



  • Dacarbazine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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