Vaccination policies for health-care workers in acute health-care facilities in Europe

Helena C. Maltezou, Sabine Wicker, Michael Borg, Ulrich Heininger, Vincenzo Puro, Maria Theodoridou, Gregory A. Poland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

86 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate existing policies regarding recommended and mandatory occupational vaccinations for health-care workers (HCWs) in Europe. A standardized questionnaire was sent to experts in Infection Control or Occupational Health in all 27 European Union Member States, as well as Norway, Russia, and Switzerland. All 30 countries have established policies about HCW vaccination against vaccine-preventable diseases. However significant gaps and considerable country-to-country variation were found, in terms of number of recommended vaccines and target subgroups of HCWs and health-care settings. Vaccination against hepatitis B and annual vaccination against seasonal influenza are almost universally recommended for HCWs in Europe (29 countries each, including eight countries where vaccination against hepatitis B is mandatory or required for employment). Policies regarding HCW vaccination also exist against mumps (12 countries), measles or rubella (15 countries), varicella (17 countries), diphtheria-tetanus (14 countries), pertussis (9 countries), poliomyelitis (11 countries), hepatitis A (11 countries), tuberculosis (BCG vaccine) (9 countries), and against meningococcus group C or meningococci groups A, C, W135, Y (tetravalent vaccine) (in 4 countries each). Re-evaluation of occupational vaccine policies for HCWs in Europe on a consensus basis is imperative in order to promote HCW and patient safety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9557-9562
Number of pages6
JournalVaccine
Volume29
Issue number51
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 28 2011

Fingerprint

Health Facilities
health care workers
health services
Vaccination
vaccination
Delivery of Health Care
vaccines
Vaccines
hepatitis B
Neisseria meningitidis
Occupational Health
Hepatitis B
BCG vaccine
occupational health and safety
whooping cough
hepatitis A
Tuberculosis Vaccines
BCG Vaccine
tetanus
Mumps

Keywords

  • Europe
  • Health-care workers
  • Policies
  • Prevention
  • Vaccination
  • Vaccine-preventable diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • veterinary(all)
  • Molecular Medicine

Cite this

Maltezou, H. C., Wicker, S., Borg, M., Heininger, U., Puro, V., Theodoridou, M., & Poland, G. A. (2011). Vaccination policies for health-care workers in acute health-care facilities in Europe. Vaccine, 29(51), 9557-9562. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.09.076

Vaccination policies for health-care workers in acute health-care facilities in Europe. / Maltezou, Helena C.; Wicker, Sabine; Borg, Michael; Heininger, Ulrich; Puro, Vincenzo; Theodoridou, Maria; Poland, Gregory A.

In: Vaccine, Vol. 29, No. 51, 28.11.2011, p. 9557-9562.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Maltezou, HC, Wicker, S, Borg, M, Heininger, U, Puro, V, Theodoridou, M & Poland, GA 2011, 'Vaccination policies for health-care workers in acute health-care facilities in Europe', Vaccine, vol. 29, no. 51, pp. 9557-9562. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.09.076
Maltezou HC, Wicker S, Borg M, Heininger U, Puro V, Theodoridou M et al. Vaccination policies for health-care workers in acute health-care facilities in Europe. Vaccine. 2011 Nov 28;29(51):9557-9562. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.09.076
Maltezou, Helena C. ; Wicker, Sabine ; Borg, Michael ; Heininger, Ulrich ; Puro, Vincenzo ; Theodoridou, Maria ; Poland, Gregory A. / Vaccination policies for health-care workers in acute health-care facilities in Europe. In: Vaccine. 2011 ; Vol. 29, No. 51. pp. 9557-9562.
@article{154a3bec2abe412faa28b36c69e9bcb7,
title = "Vaccination policies for health-care workers in acute health-care facilities in Europe",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to evaluate existing policies regarding recommended and mandatory occupational vaccinations for health-care workers (HCWs) in Europe. A standardized questionnaire was sent to experts in Infection Control or Occupational Health in all 27 European Union Member States, as well as Norway, Russia, and Switzerland. All 30 countries have established policies about HCW vaccination against vaccine-preventable diseases. However significant gaps and considerable country-to-country variation were found, in terms of number of recommended vaccines and target subgroups of HCWs and health-care settings. Vaccination against hepatitis B and annual vaccination against seasonal influenza are almost universally recommended for HCWs in Europe (29 countries each, including eight countries where vaccination against hepatitis B is mandatory or required for employment). Policies regarding HCW vaccination also exist against mumps (12 countries), measles or rubella (15 countries), varicella (17 countries), diphtheria-tetanus (14 countries), pertussis (9 countries), poliomyelitis (11 countries), hepatitis A (11 countries), tuberculosis (BCG vaccine) (9 countries), and against meningococcus group C or meningococci groups A, C, W135, Y (tetravalent vaccine) (in 4 countries each). Re-evaluation of occupational vaccine policies for HCWs in Europe on a consensus basis is imperative in order to promote HCW and patient safety.",
keywords = "Europe, Health-care workers, Policies, Prevention, Vaccination, Vaccine-preventable diseases",
author = "Maltezou, {Helena C.} and Sabine Wicker and Michael Borg and Ulrich Heininger and Vincenzo Puro and Maria Theodoridou and Poland, {Gregory A.}",
year = "2011",
month = "11",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.09.076",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "29",
pages = "9557--9562",
journal = "Vaccine",
issn = "0264-410X",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "51",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vaccination policies for health-care workers in acute health-care facilities in Europe

AU - Maltezou, Helena C.

AU - Wicker, Sabine

AU - Borg, Michael

AU - Heininger, Ulrich

AU - Puro, Vincenzo

AU - Theodoridou, Maria

AU - Poland, Gregory A.

PY - 2011/11/28

Y1 - 2011/11/28

N2 - The aim of this study was to evaluate existing policies regarding recommended and mandatory occupational vaccinations for health-care workers (HCWs) in Europe. A standardized questionnaire was sent to experts in Infection Control or Occupational Health in all 27 European Union Member States, as well as Norway, Russia, and Switzerland. All 30 countries have established policies about HCW vaccination against vaccine-preventable diseases. However significant gaps and considerable country-to-country variation were found, in terms of number of recommended vaccines and target subgroups of HCWs and health-care settings. Vaccination against hepatitis B and annual vaccination against seasonal influenza are almost universally recommended for HCWs in Europe (29 countries each, including eight countries where vaccination against hepatitis B is mandatory or required for employment). Policies regarding HCW vaccination also exist against mumps (12 countries), measles or rubella (15 countries), varicella (17 countries), diphtheria-tetanus (14 countries), pertussis (9 countries), poliomyelitis (11 countries), hepatitis A (11 countries), tuberculosis (BCG vaccine) (9 countries), and against meningococcus group C or meningococci groups A, C, W135, Y (tetravalent vaccine) (in 4 countries each). Re-evaluation of occupational vaccine policies for HCWs in Europe on a consensus basis is imperative in order to promote HCW and patient safety.

AB - The aim of this study was to evaluate existing policies regarding recommended and mandatory occupational vaccinations for health-care workers (HCWs) in Europe. A standardized questionnaire was sent to experts in Infection Control or Occupational Health in all 27 European Union Member States, as well as Norway, Russia, and Switzerland. All 30 countries have established policies about HCW vaccination against vaccine-preventable diseases. However significant gaps and considerable country-to-country variation were found, in terms of number of recommended vaccines and target subgroups of HCWs and health-care settings. Vaccination against hepatitis B and annual vaccination against seasonal influenza are almost universally recommended for HCWs in Europe (29 countries each, including eight countries where vaccination against hepatitis B is mandatory or required for employment). Policies regarding HCW vaccination also exist against mumps (12 countries), measles or rubella (15 countries), varicella (17 countries), diphtheria-tetanus (14 countries), pertussis (9 countries), poliomyelitis (11 countries), hepatitis A (11 countries), tuberculosis (BCG vaccine) (9 countries), and against meningococcus group C or meningococci groups A, C, W135, Y (tetravalent vaccine) (in 4 countries each). Re-evaluation of occupational vaccine policies for HCWs in Europe on a consensus basis is imperative in order to promote HCW and patient safety.

KW - Europe

KW - Health-care workers

KW - Policies

KW - Prevention

KW - Vaccination

KW - Vaccine-preventable diseases

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=81955167423&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=81955167423&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.09.076

DO - 10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.09.076

M3 - Article

C2 - 21964058

AN - SCOPUS:81955167423

VL - 29

SP - 9557

EP - 9562

JO - Vaccine

JF - Vaccine

SN - 0264-410X

IS - 51

ER -