Utilization of retrograde right bundle branch block to differentiate atrioventricular nodal from accessory pathway conduction

Suraj Kapa, Benhur D. Henz, Chadi Dib, Yong Mei Cha, Paul A. Friedman, Thomas M. Munger, Dorothy J. Ladewig, Stephen C. Hammill, Douglas L. Packer, Samuel J. Asirvatham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Retrograde RBBB to Define Retrograde V-A Conduction. Introduction: Defining whether retrograde ventriculoatrial (V-A) conduction is via the AV node (AVN) or an accessory pathway (AP) is important during ablation procedures for supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). With the introduction of ventricular extrastimuli (VEST), retrograde right bundle branch block (RBBB) may occur, prolonging the V-H interval, but only when AV node conduction is present. We hypothesized that when AP conduction was present, the V-A interval would increase less than the V-H interval, whereas with retrograde nodal conduction, the V-A interval would increase at least as much as the V-H interval. Methods and Results: We retrospectively reviewed the electrophysiological studies of patients undergoing ablation for AVN reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) (55) or AVRT (50), for induction of retrograde RBBB during the introduction of VEST, and the change in the measured V-H and V-A intervals. Results were found to be reproducible between independent observers. Out of 105 patients, 84 had evidence of induced retrograde RBBB. The average V-H interval increase with induction of RBBB was 53.7 ms for patients with AVRT and 54.4 ms for patients with AVNRT (P = NS). The average V-A interval increase with induction of RBBB was 13.6 ms with AVRT and 70.1 ms with AVNRT (P < 0.001). All patients with a greater V-H than V-A interval change had AVRT, and those with a smaller had AVNRT. Conclusions: Induction of retrograde RBBB during VEST is common during an electrophysiological study for SVT. The relative change in the intervals during induction of RBBB accurately differentiates between retrograde AVN and AP conduction. (J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol, Vol. 20, pp. 751-758, July 2009)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)751-758
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of cardiovascular electrophysiology
Volume20
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2009

Keywords

  • AV node reentrant tachycardia
  • Accessory pathway
  • Radiofrequency ablation
  • Retrograde right bundle branch block
  • Supraventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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