Utility of topiramate for the treatment of patients with chronic migraine in the presence or absence of acute medication overuse

H. C. Diener, D. W. Dodick, P. J. Goadsby, M. E. Bigal, G. Bussone, S. D. Silberstein, N. Mathew, S. Ascher, J. Morein, J. F. Hulihan, D. M. Biondi, S. J. Greenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

106 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chronic migraine has been linked to the excessive use of acute headache medications. Medication overuse (MO) is commonly considered the most significant risk factor for the progression of migraine from an episodic to a chronic condition. Managing MO is a challenge. Discontinuation of the acute medication can result in withdrawal headache, nausea, vomiting and sleep disturbances. This review summarizes the results from two similarly designed, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicentre studies of chronic migraine conducted in the USA and European Union. Both studies demonstrate the efficacy and safety of the migraine preventive medication, topiramate, for the treatment of chronic migraine in patient populations both with and without MO. These studies may have important implications for the future of chronic migraine management, suggesting that detoxification prior to initiating prophylactic therapy may not be required in all patients if MO is present.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1021-1027
Number of pages7
JournalCephalalgia
Volume29
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2009

Keywords

  • Chronic migraine
  • Medication overuse
  • Topiramate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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