Background: Autoimmune serologies are often obtained in the initial evaluation of uncharacterized interstitial lung disease (ILD). Whether this practice is helpful in delineating connective-tissue disease related ILD (CTD-ILD) is not well known. We assessed the frequency of incident CTD-ILD as detected by autoimmune serology testing and presenting clinical signs and symptoms. Methods: Consecutive patients seen at our institution over a four year period with newly diagnosed uncharacterized ILD and autoimmune serologic testing were included. Serologic assessment was performed as a standardized order set of 13 laboratory tests. Presenting demographics and clinical signs or symptoms suggestive of autoimmune disease were correlated with the presence or absence of positive serology studies and final CTD-ILD diagnoses. Results: Overall prevalence of newly diagnosed CTD-ILD was 6.9% (42 of 605). Positive serology was seen in 35.2% (213 of 605) of screened ILD. CTD-ILD was diagnosed in 19.2% of those with positive serology, and 52.8% of those with both positive serology and suggestive clinical signs or symptoms. Only 1.4% of those with positive serology and negative review of systems were diagnosed with CTD-ILD. CTD-ILD diagnoses were made more frequently in younger patients ≤60 years with no diagnoses made after the age of 80 (P = 0.009). Positive serology in non-CTD-ILD cases did not appear to confer any survival advantage. Conclusions: The yield of autoimmune serology testing in uncharacterized ILD appears greatest in those with suggestive clinical signs or symptoms on presentation for CTD-ILD.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Aug 23 2017|
- Autoimmune serology
- Connective-tissue disease interstitial lung disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine