Use of probes with fluorescence indicator distributed throughout the pharmacophore to examine the peptide agonist-binding environment of the Family B G protein-coupled secretin receptor

Kaleeckal G. Harikumar, Keiko Hosohata, Delia I. Pinon, Laurence J. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fluorescence techniques can provide insight into the environment of fluorescence indicators situated at distinct sites within a ligand as it is bound to its receptor. Here, we have developed a series of analogues of the 27-amino acid hormone, secretin, that incorporate a fluorescent Alexa Fluor 488 into the amino terminus, the carboxyl terminus, and positions 13 and 22. Each probe bound with high affinity and was biologically active, stimulating full cAMP responses in receptor-bearing Chinese hamster ovary-SecR cells. Treatment with 10 μM guanosine 5′-(β,γ-imido)triphosphate (GppNHp) shifted the agonist-bound receptor into a G protein-uncoupled low affinity state. Fluorescence spectra for the probes in solution and bound to the receptor demonstrated maximal emission at 521 nm after excitation at 481 nm. Collisional quenching of fluorescence with potassium iodide revealed that Alexa at the amino terminus of secretin was more accessible than at the other three positions within the probes. Of note, quenching constants for each probe were higher when bound in the active state than in the G protein-uncoupled, low affinity state of the receptor, with the most marked changes occurring for the two midregion probes. Anisotropy values and fluorescence lifetimes confirmed this, with higher anisotropy and longer lifetimes observed for position 13 and 22 probes bound to the receptor in its uncoupled state than in its active state. These observations suggest that the amino terminus of secretin as docked to the receptor is most exposed to the hydrophilic aqueous milieu, and that the major changes in conformation and exposure to the medium occur in the midregion of secretin. Photoaffinity labeling studies have demonstrated approximation of each of these ligand residues with distinct receptor residues. Combining the fluorescence data with photoaffinity labeling data provides insights into the conformation and dynamics of a natural peptide ligand docked to a Family B G protein-coupled receptor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2543-2550
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume281
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 3 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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