Background: Invasive lobular cancer (ILC) of the breast is difficult to diagnose clinically and radiologically. It is hoped that preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can improve evaluation of extent of disease. Methods: Patients diagnosed with ILC at a single institution from 2001 to 2008 who underwent clinical breast examination (CBE), mammography, ultrasound, and MRI were studied retrospectively. Concordance between tumor size on imaging/CBE and pathologic size was defined as size within ±0.5 cm. Pearson correlation coefficients (R) were calculated for each modality. Local recurrence and reexcision rates were compared with those patients with ILC who did not undergo preoperative MRI. Results: Seventy patients with ILC had all imaging modalities, including CBE, performed preoperatively. The sensitivity for detection of ILC by MRI was 99%. MRI-based tumor size was concordant with pathologic tumor size in 56% of tumors. MRI overestimated tumor size by >0.5 cm in 31% of tumors. Correlation of tumor size on imaging with final pathology was better for MRI (R = 0.75) than for mammography (R = 0.65), CBE (R = 0.63), or ultrasound (R = 0.45, all P < 0.01). Preoperative MRI was associated with lower reoperation rates for close/positive margins (P > 0.05). Conclusions: For ILC, MRI has better sensitivity of detection and correlation with tumor size at pathology than CBE, mammography, or ultrasound. However, 31% of cases are overestimated by MRI, and correlation remains only at 0.75. The select use of MRI for preoperative estimation of tumor size in ILC is supported by our data, but the need for improvement and refinement of imaging remains.
ASJC Scopus subject areas