The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) in patients with cryptogenic stroke and to determine the incidence of patent foramen ovale. Magnetic resonance venography of 214 patients with cryptogenic stroke and 50 control patients with abdominopelvic computed tomography scans were evaluated for MTS. Incidence of patent foramen ovale and MTS in the stroke group were significantly greater than the control group (P = 0.0001, P = 0.0023, respectively). In addition, there was significantly greater compression of the left common iliac vein in the stroke group (32%) compared with the control group (13%) (P < 0.00001). In conclusion, there is a significantly higher prevalence of MTS and left common iliac vein compression in patients with cryptogenic stroke. These results indicate that magnetic resonance venography of the pelvis may be appropriate in the evaluation of stroke.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging