Use of Intravenous Iodinated Contrast Media in Patients With Kidney Disease: Consensus Statements from the American College of Radiology and the National Kidney Foundation

Matthew S. Davenport, Mark A. Perazella, Jerry Yee, Jonathan R. Dillman, Derek Fine, Robert J. McDonald, Roger A. Rodby, Carolyn L. Wang, Jeffrey C. Weinreb

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Abstract

Intravenous iodinated contrast media are commonly used with CT to evaluate disease and to determine treatment response. The risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) developing in patients with reduced kidney function following exposure to intravenous iodinated contrast media has been overstated. This is due primarily to historic lack of control groups sufficient to separate contrast-induced AKI (CI-AKI; ie, AKI caused by contrast media administration) from contrast-associated AKI (CA-AKI; ie, AKI coincident to contrast media administration). Although the true risk of CI-AKI remains uncertain for patients with severe kidney disease, prophylaxis with intravenous normal saline is indicated for patients who have AKI or an estimated glomerular filtration rate less than 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 who are not undergoing maintenance dialysis. In individual high-risk circumstances, prophylaxis may be considered in patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of 30–44 mL/min/1.73 m2 at the discretion of the ordering clinician.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-93
Number of pages9
JournalKidney Medicine
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Nephrology

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