Use of diuretics in shock: Temporal trends and clinical impacts in a propensity-matched cohort study

Ghassan Bandak, Ankit Sakhuja, Nicole M. Andrijasevic, Tina M. Gunderson, Ognjen Gajic, Kianoush Kashani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective Fluid overload is common among critically ill patients and is associated with worse outcomes. We aimed to assess the effect of diuretics on urine output, vasopressor dose, acute kidney injury (AKI) incidence, and need for renal replacement therapies (RRT) among patients who receive vasopressors. Patients and methods This is a single-center retrospective study of all adult patients admitted to the intensive care unit between January 2006 and December 2016 and received >6 hours of vasopressor therapy and at least one concomitant dose of diuretic. We excluded patients from cardiac care units. Hourly urine output and vasopressor dose for 6 hours before and after the first dose of diuretic therapy was compared. Rates of AKI development and RRT initiation were assessed with a propensity-matched cohort of patients who received vasopressors but did not receive diuretics. Results There was an increasing trend of prescribing diuretics in patients receiving vasopressors over the course of the study. We included 939 patients with median (IQR) age of 68(57, 78) years old and 400 (43%) female. The average hourly urine output during the first six hours following time zero in comparison with average hourly urine output during the six hours prior to time zero was significantly higher in diuretic group in comparison with patients who did not receive diuretics [81 (95% CI 73–89) ml/h vs. 42 (95% CI 39–45) ml/h, respectively; p<0.001]. After propensity matching, the rate of AKI within 7 days of exposure and the need for RRT were similar between the study and matched control patients (66 (15.6%) vs. 83 (19.6%), p = 0.11, and 34 (8.0%) vs. 37 (8.7%), p = 0.69, respectively). Mortality, however, was higher in the group that received diuretics. Ninety-day mortality was 191 (45.2%) in the exposed group VS 156 (36.9%) p = .009. Conclusions While the use of diuretic therapy in critically ill patients receiving vasopressor infusions augmented urine output, it was not associated with higher vasopressor requirements, AKI incidence, and need for renal replacement therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0228274
JournalPloS one
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Bandak, G., Sakhuja, A., Andrijasevic, N. M., Gunderson, T. M., Gajic, O., & Kashani, K. (2020). Use of diuretics in shock: Temporal trends and clinical impacts in a propensity-matched cohort study. PloS one, 15(2), [e0228274]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0228274