Use of antithrombotic agents in patients with intracerebral cavernous malformations: Clinical article

Kelly D. Flemming, Michael J. Link, Teresa J.H. Christianson, Robert D. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Object. The goal of this study was to determine the risk of using antithrombotic agents in patients with established intracerebral cavernous malformations (ICMs). Methods. From a previously described cohort of 292 patients with radiographically defined ICMs, 40 required an antithrombotic after the ICM was diagnosed. Patients underwent follow-up to determine the incidence of hemorrhage. Results. The mean age of these 40 patients was 62.4 years; there were 21 male and 19 female patients. Five (12.5%) of the 40 patients initially presented with hemorrhage and 4 (10%) had multiple ICMs. Of these patients, 32 were placed on an antiplatelet agent alone, 6 on an anticoagulant alone, and 2 were placed on both. In patients necessitating any antithrombotic agent, 1 patient developed a prospective hemorrhage over the 258 person-years of follow-up (prospective hemorrhage rate 0.41% per person-year). Conclusions. Antithrombotics likely do not precipitate hemorrhage in patients with known ICMs. However, caution should be exercised in the use of antithrombotics in patients with ICMs at high risk for hemorrhage. The risks and benefits of antithrombotics in each situation should be carefully weighed against the natural history of ICM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-46
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of neurosurgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2013


  • Anticoagulation
  • Antithrombotic agent
  • Aspirin
  • Cavernous malformation
  • Hemorrhage
  • Vascular disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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