Urologic-Induced Complications of Prophylactic Ureteral Localization Stent Placement for Colorectal Surgery Cases

Ram A. Pathak, Abby S. Taylor, Scott Alford, Gregory A. Broderick, Todd C. Igel, Steven P. Petrou, Michael J. Wehle, Paul R. Young, David D. Thiel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: A prophylactic ureteral localization stent (PULSe) placed by urologists aids in intraoperative localization and detection of suspected ureteral injury during complex colorectal surgery (CRS) cases. We evaluated the incidence and management of urologic-induced complications secondary to PULSe placement during CRS cases at a single center. Materials and Methods: We performed a retrospective review of all patients who underwent cystoscopy and PULSe placement at the time of CRS over a 12-month period. Bilateral 5 French ×70-cm TigerTail® (Bard Medical Division, Covington, GA) PULSe devices were placed without assistance of routine fluoroscopy. Results: Ninety-nine patients (mean age, 58.1 years; range, 17-88 years) underwent bilateral PULSe placement, with a male:female ratio of 44:55 and a mean body mass index of 26.8 (17.0-38.6) kg/m2. Mean pre- and postprocedural creatinine levels were 0.91 and 1.01 mg/dL, respectively. Twenty-two of 99 (22%) cases utilized a guidewire to aid in placement of PULSe. Four Clavien grade IIIb complications occurred: mucosal edema, reflex anuria, ureteral perforation, and ureteral obstruction secondary to significant clot burden. Three of the grade IIIb complications were managed endoscopically with double-J stent placement. The ureteral perforation case required percutaneous nephrostomy tube placement. Subgroup analysis of the four grade IIIb complications revealed a mean age of 62.3 years, body mass index of 26.98 kg/m2, and pre- and postprocedural creatinine levels of 0.95 and 4.83 mg/dL, respectively. Only one of the four grade IIIb complications utilized a guidewire prior to PULSe placement. Conclusions: The incidence of Clavien grade III urologic-induced complications during PULSe placement is approximately 2% (4/188). Mandatory adoption of fluoroscopy and guidewires may be required to minimize complications of PULSe placement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)966-970
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques
Volume25
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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