Urine Extracellular Vesicle GATA2 mRNA Discriminates Biopsy Result in Men with Suspicion of Prostate Cancer

J. Woo, S. Santasusagna, J. Banks, S. Pastor-Lopez, K. Yadav, M. Carceles-Cordon, A. Dominguez-Andres, R. B. Den, L. R. Languino, R. Pippa, C. D. Lallas, G. Lu-Yao, W. K. Kelly, K. E. Knudsen, V. Rodriguez-Bravo, A. K. Tewari, J. M. Prats, B. E. Leiby, L. G. Gomella, Josep Domingo-Domenech

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: Prostate specific antigen has limited performance in detecting prostate cancer. The transcription factor GATA2 is expressed in aggressive prostate cancer. We analyzed the predictive value of urine extracellular vesicle GATA2 mRNA alone and in combination with a multigene panel to improve detection of prostate cancer and high risk disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: GATA2 mRNA was analyzed in matched extracellular vesicles isolated from urines before and after prostatectomy (16) and paired urine and tissue prostatectomy samples (19). Extracellular vesicle GATA2 mRNA performance to distinguish prostate cancer and high grade disease was tested in training (52) and validation (165) cohorts. The predictive value of a multigene score including GATA2, PCA3 and TMPRSS2-ERG (GAPT-E) was tested in both cohorts. RESULTS: Confirming its prostate origin, urine extracellular vesicle GATA2 mRNA levels decreased significantly after prostatectomy and correlated with prostate cancer tissue GATA2 mRNA levels. In the training and validation cohort GATA2 discriminated prostate cancer (AUC 0.74 and 0.66) and high grade disease (AUC 0.78 and 0.65), respectively. Notably, the GAPT-E score improved discrimination of prostate cancer (AUC 0.84 and 0.72) and high grade cancer (AUC 0.85 and 0.71) in both cohorts when compared with each biomarker alone and PT-E (PCA3 and TMPRSS2-ERG). A GAPT-E score for high grade prostate cancer would avoid 92.1% of unnecessary prostate biopsies, compared to 61.9% when a PT-E score is used. CONCLUSIONS: Urine extracellular vesicle GATA2 mRNA analysis improves the detection of high risk prostate cancer and may reduce the number of unnecessary biopsies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)691-700
Number of pages10
JournalThe Journal of urology
Volume204
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

Keywords

  • extracellular vesicles
  • GATA2 transcription factor
  • human
  • prostate cancer antigen 3
  • prostatic neoplasms
  • TMPRSS2-ERG fusion protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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