Urinalysis: When - and when not - to order

Joseph Misdraji, Phuong L. Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although routine urinalysis is common, the results are important in management of only certain diseases. Screening urinalysis to detect asymptomatic bacteriuria is recommended in adults 60 years of age or older, diabetic patients of any age, pregnant women, and adolescents. A positive result for protein on dipstick urinalysis should be evaluated in conjunction with other clinical and laboratory data (eg, the patient's age, physical findings, renal function, results of microscopic urinalysis). Evaluation of hematuria should always include dipstick analysis and microscopic examination of urine. Diabetes screening is best done with measurement of plasma glucose levels. Other available urinalysis tests include measurement of pH, specific gravity, ketones, bilirabin, and urobilinogen. In patients with renal or urinary tract disease, microscopic examination of urinary sediment is important.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-192
Number of pages20
JournalPostgraduate medicine
Volume100
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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