Objective: To report the first case series of ureterorenoscopy in North America using the High Power Super Pulse Thulium Fiber Laser for the treatment of upper urinary tract stones. Methods: After Institutional Review Board approval, a multicentric retrospective chart review of patients treated with the High Power Super Pulse Thulium Fiber Laser from October 2019 to March 2020 was conducted. Basic demographic information, pre-operative, and peri-operative data were recorded. Results: Seventy-six patients were included with a mean age of 60.9 ± 13.3 years. 118 stones were treated including 32 within the ureter, 49 in the lower pole, 37 in mid or upper poles. Dusting technique was commonly used (67.1%) with pulse frequencies up to 2400 Hz. Mean operative time was 59.4 ± 31.5 minutes. Mean laser time and total laser energy were 10.8 ± 14.1 minutes and 12.5 ± 19.1 KJ, respectively. Intraoperative complications were limited to 7 grade 1, 3 grade 2, and 1 grade 3 ureteral injuries and one case of renal collecting system bleeding that was adequately managed with laser coagulation settings (1J-20Hz). Conclusion: This initial case series in North America of the High Power Super Pulse Thulium Fiber Laser is promising for the treatment of urolithiasis. Sub-200 μm fibers and dusting settings up to 2400 Hz were utilized successfully. No specific complications related to use of the laser were seen.
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