Urban vs rural increase in hip fracture incidence: Age and sex of 901 cases 1980-89 in olmsted county, U.S.A.

Rajan Madhok, L. Joseph Melton, Elizabeth J. Atkinson, W. Michael O'Fallon, David G. Lewallen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine if hip fracture incidence rates are greater in urban than in rural areas of the United States, as they appear to be in Scandinavia, we undertook a study in Olmsted County, Minnesota. During the decade 1980-89, the age-and sex-adjusted incidence of proximal femur fractures among urban residents of the central city of Rochester was 36 percent greater than among residents of the rural remainder of Olmsted County. the difference was almost entirely accounted for by an excess of fractures due to moderate trauma in elderly urban women. These first detailed results from the United States confirm earlier observations from Scandinavia that hip fracture rates are lower in rural areas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-548
Number of pages6
JournalActa Orthopaedica
Volume64
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Surgery

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