Upper lobe pulmonary fibrosis associated with high-dose chemotherapy containing BCNU for bone marrow transplantation

James M. Parish, John R. Muhm, Kevin O. Leslie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Upper lobe fibrotic lung disease is most often associated with sarcoidosis, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, silicosis, and other pneumoconioses but is usually not associated with drug-induced lung disease. Carmustine (BCNU) is a chemotherapeutic agent known to cause pulmonary toxicity. The radiographic pattern is usually diffuse bilateral lung disease predominantly in the lung bases. Upper lobe fibrotic disease associated with BCNU has been reported to occur in children treated for central nervous system gliomas. Often the lung disease occurs years after the exposure. Despite the widespread use of BCNU in the treatment of malignancy in adults, to our knowledge, the complication of upper lobe fibrotic disease has not been reported in adults. We describe a patient who presented with pneumothorax and bilateral upper lobe pulmonary fibrosis that we believe was due to BCNU given for bone marrow transplantation as part of therapy for breast cancer. Bilateral upper lobe pulmonary fibrosis can be associated with chemotherapeutic drugs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)630-634
Number of pages5
JournalMayo Clinic proceedings
Volume78
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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