Upper Extremity Runoff: Pearls and Pitfalls in Computed Tomography Angiography and Magnetic Resonance Angiography

Prashant Nagpal, Vinod Maller, Gunjan Garg, Sandeep Hedgire, Ashish Khandelwal, Sanjeeva Kalva, Michael L. Steigner, Sachin S. Saboo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Scopus citations


Upper extremity vasculature can be affected by various traumatic and nontraumatic pathologies; however, the evaluation of these arteries can be challenging for the radiologists as well as for the clinicians. After an accurate history and clinical examination, imaging plays a vital role in the diagnosis and treatment planning of these patients. Depending on the urgency and the indication, upper extremity arteries may be evaluated by ultrasonography with color Doppler, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or digital subtraction angiography. This review article discusses relevant imaging anatomy of the upper extremity arteries, presents CT and MRI protocols, briefly describes the state-of-the-art CT and MRI of various pathologies affecting the upper extremity arteries, and summarizes the important pearls needed for busy practicing radiologist.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-129
Number of pages15
JournalCurrent Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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