Update on biomarkers in neuromyelitis optica

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Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) (and NMO spectrum disorder) is an autoimmune inflammatory disease of the CNS primarily affecting spinal cord and optic nerves. Reliable and sensitive biomarkers for onset, relapse, and progression in NMO are urgently needed because of the heterogeneous clinical presentation, severity of neurologic disability following relapses, and variability of therapeutic response. Detecting aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibodies (AQP4-IgG or NMO-IgG) in serum supports the diagnosis of seropositive NMO. However, whether AQP4-IgG levels correlate with disease activity, severity, response to therapy, or long-term outcomes is unclear. Moreover, biomarkers for patients with seronegative NMO have yet to be defined and validated. Collaborative international studies hold great promise for establishing and validating biomarkers that are useful in therapeutic trials and clinical management. In this review, we discuss known and potential biomarkers for NMO.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere134
JournalNeurology: Neuroimmunology and NeuroInflammation
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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